7 Things You Should Know About Premature Babies
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Yes, parents know that they will give birth to a tiny baby, feed it, fulfill its care needs, and this process will be very tiring. They risk all these sacrifices when deciding to conceive.
However, no one is ready to give birth to a premature baby. Because no matter how planned and under control everything is, preterm birth is not planned, and premature babies can come into your life suddenly.
Seven things you need to know about premature babies can help you get through a possible preterm birth more easily.
What is a Premature Baby?
Pregnancy averages nine months and ten days; In other words, it is a process that takes almost 40 weeks.
From the first pregnancy until birth, the baby grows and develops in the mother’s womb. That’s why every day in the womb is precious. All organs of the baby born between 38 and 42 weeks have developed enough to work without any support.
However, a baby born before 37 weeks is called a premature baby.
Premature Birth is a Special Situation, Not an Extraordinary Situation!
Babies born prematurely were much less likely to survive due to poor medical facilities in ancient times.
However, thanks to the developing technology, well-equipped hospitals, and experienced doctors today, premature babies can continue to grow healthily. The probability of a baby being born prematurely is around 10-12% on average.
This rate is not very low, and this event is not an extraordinary situation.
As long as you take the necessary precautions, your little one will catch up with the development level of its peers as soon as possible.
Features of premature babies are different from babies born on time!
If you gave birth before the normal pregnancy process; You should know that your baby is more sensitive than other babies born on time and needs special care.
In order for you to be able to take care of your baby in a different and detailed way compared to other mothers-to-be, you must first get to know your baby and learn about the characteristics of the premature baby.
Lungs are the last organs to develop in babies in the womb. For this reason, respiratory failure is among the most prominent premature infant characteristics.
If your baby is born prematurely, he may be connected to a ventilator in the intensive care unit for a few days, weeks, or even months, depending on the development needs of his lungs.
- Since their immune demands are shallow, their bodies are vulnerable to diseases. Therefore, if possible, your baby should stay in the neonatal intensive care unit at first.
- Since the body does not stay in the womb enough to store enough fat, the fat layer in their body is very thin. The thin layer of fat, on the other hand, is insufficient to maintain the body temperature, and there are constant imbalances in the temperature value. While the baby has a fever, his body temperature may suddenly drop below the average value.
- Minors with sensitive intestines may have blood in their stools.
- Their reflexes are weak. That’s why they have a lethargic image. Some premature babies are fed with a hose from the mouth because their sucking reflexes are also weak.
- One of the most striking features of a premature baby is the swollen appearance in the abdomen. Since the intestines of the premature baby are not well developed, they cannot fully digest the food. This digestive problem causes the baby’s tummy to appear swollen, gas, and frequent vomiting.
Premature Babies Can Give Their Parents Intense Stress and Sadness!
Mothers and fathers begin to make organizational plans for the day the baby will be born, two months in advance.
The hospital where the birth will take place is determined, the postpartum nightgown, fancy slippers, accessories, the baby’s clothes, the birth photographer, chocolates, cookies…
But things don’t always go as you planned. Your little one may be a little hasty when it comes to being born.
Premature babies stay in the neonatal intensive care unit for a while. Some babies cannot breastfeed their mothers in the first weeks and have to be fed privately by doctors.
In this case, the mother cannot breastfeed, hold, or smell her baby.
In such a situation, it will help parents to support each other, to know that the process is temporary, and of course, to hold their baby in their arms will help them feel better.
Because Premature Babies Have a Weaker Immune System Compared to Other Babies, They Need Special and Intensive Care!
Babies who live in a comfortable and safe environment while in the mother’s womb do not have a strong immune system even when they are born on time while being born prematurely causes their defense systems to become even weaker.
Therefore, nutrition and care for premature babies are of vital importance. It should be kept in special areas isolated against the risk of infection from the outside for a while and fed with care, especially with breast milk.
The premature baby, who is well-fed and stays away from the factors that can cause infection, will soon have the opportunity to grow up and strengthen the immune system.
The Development of Premature Babies May lags behind their peers for a while!
The age of babies is calculated from the day they are born, not from conception.
Therefore, the development of premature babies born before completing 40 weeks may not be at the same level as their peers.
This is a normal situation. Parents should not compare the development of premature babies with the physical, cognitive, emotional, and social development of full-term babies.
Don’t worry; soon he will be no different from his peers.
Babies born at 32 weeks can be fed by sucking their mother!
Babies can survive, on average, by being born at the earliest 28 weeks and the latest 42 weeks.
Babies born before the 32nd week have not developed a sucking reflex and therefore cannot suckle when they are born, and they are fed with medical equipment.
However, babies born at 32 weeks can safely suck on their mothers as they can develop a sucking reflex.
The dream of every mother and father-to-be is to give birth on time and give birth to a healthy baby. However, parents should be prepared for anything and keep the possibility of premature birth in the back of their minds.
If you can show a calm and conscious attitude when faced with such a situation, you and your baby will get through the process in the healthiest way possible.
Having all the necessary information about premature babies will make it easier to cope with the process.
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