How to Stop Vomiting in Babies (0 to 12 Months): 8 Tips and Remedies
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Babies tend to vomit very often. As there are many causes of vomiting, it can vary depending on age. Babies often vomit after being breastfed or formula-fed. If parents have had their first baby and have this experience for the first time, this can be worrying for parents. Vomiting after birth is quite normal and is called physiological vomiting or physiological reflux. The reflux that starts in babies within ten days of birth gradually decreases. Babies may vomit because they have difficulty in digestion, or they may vomit due to a disease. Therefore, the mother needs to monitor and comfort her baby constantly. While vomiting in the form of milk cuts is considered normal, we recommend that the mother contact the baby’s doctor as soon as possible if the baby has difficulty in vomiting or if the vomiting occurs by gushing. In this regard, it is necessary to know the causes of vomiting.
Why Do Babies Vomit?
To prevent vomiting, it is necessary first to know what causes vomiting. Is an allergic reaction making your baby vomit, or is he vomiting because he can’t pass the gas? To understand this, it is necessary to observe him and check for other symptoms along with vomiting. Healthy babies may vomit small amounts of white, mucous, foamy, acidic, sometimes several mouthfuls. Vomiting in newborn babies occurs immediately, or 1-2 hours after feeding. The valve between the esophagus and the stomach is not yet mature. There is an inability to contract. The stomach contents escape into the esophagus and then are expelled from the mouth. In older babies, milk or formula mixed with air may rise upwards during feeding. This physiological gastroesophageal reflux, which starts within a few days after the baby’s birth, decreases in the following days and is not expected to continue after two years of age.
Mothers may sometimes feed more than they need for the baby to gain weight. This results in the baby expelling the excess food through vomiting. This vomiting will be relieved in the first 1-2 years and will completely disappear. Babies can sometimes remove small amounts of food from their mouths after feeding. This condition, called regurgitation, is usually in the form of leakage and is not considered vomiting. This type of removal can be a sign of physiological gastroesophageal reflux, which disappears spontaneously when the baby is 6-12 months old. In cases where the vomiting process does not improve and gradually increases, a doctor should be consulted.
Causes of vomiting in the first days after birth, namely in the newborn period, include gastrointestinal infections, congenital metabolism diseases, excessive swallowing of amniotic fluid in the mother’s womb, lack of nervous stimulation that provides bowel movements, adrenal gland failure, liver-gallbladder diseases, chronic diseases. lung, heart, kidney, muscle, and nerve) and intolerance to some food proteins (such as milk protein).
The closure of the end of the esophagus connecting to the stomach can also manifest itself with severe vomiting. The most prominent feature in newborn babies with this problem is that they start to vomit after a few feedings after they are born because the nutrients accumulate in the esophagus. Vomiting may also be accompanied by shortness of breath and bruising.
More worrisome is vomiting that occurs hours after meals and is accompanied by retching, which can be a gush and may also come from the nose. It may also be accompanied by symptoms such as restlessness and discoloration of the skin. Especially in newborn babies, severe vomiting seen between the first 24-36 hours is considered one of the signs of obstruction seen in any part of the digestive system. The most common causes of these severe vomiting are; intestinal obstruction or stenosis, the absence of certain parts of the intestine, herniation of the abdominal organs in the chest, and gastric stenosis (pyloric stenosis). Such difficulties may require immediate surgical intervention.
Psychological factors should also be considered in vomiting. Especially in infants up to 1 year of age, the adaptation problem can cause vomiting. Relationship problems between the mother and the baby, the mother being tense, showing little interest in the baby, or the baby’s growth in an uneasy environment are effective factors in this process. Feeling the tension, the baby may express his reaction by vomiting.
In particular, nutrition is one of the most important issues in overcoming and preventing vomiting problems. A baby’s cold can also cause vomiting. Therefore, the baby should be kept warm, and the cold problem that causes vomiting should be prevented.
Vomiting in babies aged 6-12 months is usually observed due to the introduction of complementary foods. In the process of getting used to new foods, discomfort such as vomiting may occur. The baby’s unwillingness or refusal to eat can also cause vomiting. In infants older than one year, vomiting is rarely seen. Vomiting seen after the age of one may also be related to nutrition. Overeating or feeding the baby with fatty foods can cause vomiting, while diseases like infection or reflux can also cause this problem.
Projectile Vomiting in Babies
If your baby vomits like a gush, this is a serious condition. In such a situation, you should go to the doctor as soon as possible, and if there is an allergic problem, you should pay attention to what you eat and drink. If you have a diagnosis, you should share it with your doctor. Gushing vomiting;
- In intestinal knots,
- In intestinal choking,
- In case of increased intracranial pressure,
- It may occur in cases of poisoning.
Vomiting in babies varies. Some vomit a little; some vomit a mouthful. Generally, this vomiting is seen in the first months of newborn babies. Because the distance between the esophagus and stomach in newborn babies is not fully mature yet. Older babies have trouble eating.
During feeding, milk mixes with air and therefore rises the esophagus. Improper feeding can cause your baby to vomit. Factors such as swallowing air, sucking speed, and not getting gas while breastfeeding your baby can cause her to vomit.
After feeding, your baby may regurgitate a small amount of food and then swallow it again. This should not be confused with vomiting. If this condition, which will last up to 1 year of age, persists, you should consult your doctor.
7 Tips Against Vomiting in Babies
- Do not overfeed your baby.
- Do not try to feed your baby when he is crying. This causes them to swallow more air.
- Do not put your baby to bed immediately after feeding or feeding.
- If you have to lie down, get support from the reflux bed and keep the baby’s head higher than the body.
- Do not make your baby jump or bounce after feeding.
- Always try to burp your baby during, after, and even before feeding.
- Make sure to stand as upright as possible.
If such solutions do not prevent the vomiting problem and the baby continues to vomit frequently, a doctor should be consulted.
What to Do When Your Baby Is Vomiting
- If your baby continues to vomit despite all your checks, place your baby in a side or prone position.
- Do not give solid foods until vomiting is over.
- After vomiting is over, you need to clean the inside of your mouth. You can easily do it with your index finger.
- If vomiting is severe and occurs more than three times a day, if there is blood or green bile in the vomit, seek medical advice immediately if you have a fever, cough, or other signs of infection.
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