Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 11th Week
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We have prepared a great article for you about the 11th week of pregnancy. 🙂 We wish all mothers-to-be a pleasant reading in advance.
As time progresses at full speed, you have arrived at the 11th week of your pregnancy. In this period when you are quite excited, your baby has started to develop rapidly and your body has started to change rapidly. We have searched for you the changes experienced as of the 11th week of pregnancy without skipping any details.
Your Baby at 11 Weeks
For us, a week passes in the blink of an eye, and it is very important for your baby. Let’s examine together what you need to know about the 11-week-old baby.
How Big Has My Baby got?
We know you always have this question on your mind when you go to every doctor’s appointment: “How much has my baby grown?”. As the development progresses at full speed, the weight and height of the 11-week-old baby continue to differ day by day. The expected fetal length and mass this week are as follows:
In line with this information, we can say that your baby has reached the size of a lime. However, at the 11th week of pregnancy, your baby may be of a different mass and length. The reason for this is fertilization time. If fertilization occurred later than the expected week, the information may differ. Therefore, you do not need to worry. Your doctor will give you the most accurate information.
Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
Your baby, who has become a fetus, will now grow and develop more and more each week. As the number of cells increases, tissues will continue to develop, and as tissues develop, organs will continue to develop. Now, let’s take a look at the stage of organ and system development of the 11-week-old baby.
In your baby’s ultrasound images, you’ll see the first skull forming. This provides the necessary space for the fulfillment of brain functions. By the 11th week of pregnancy, you will notice that your baby’s facial bones begin to change significantly. Now the jaw is separated from the chest and the tooth buds that started to form in the previous week have gradually spread to the entire jawbone. Also, your baby has begun to swallow the amniotic fluid he is in. This means that the swallowing reflex has now become operational.
The circulatory system
The yolk sac, which surrounded the baby at the first moment of conception, had begun to gradually disappear in the previous weeks and leave its place in the placenta. While the placenta continues its development at full speed, we can call it the life support unit of your baby. In addition, the umbilical cord continues to work to fulfill its task. The umbilical cord, which provides blood flow between the mother and the baby, together with the 3 veins wrapped around it, also helps the baby to move freely in the amniotic fluid.
The fetus’s small heart beats faster than an adult human. With the development of the heart, the heart rate begins to decrease. Your baby’s heart may even reach 160 beats per minute as of this week.
The developing intestines settle into their place in the abdominal cavity as of this week. The kidneys of your baby, who swallowed the amniotic fluid, started to work as of last week. It fulfills this task in the 11th week of your pregnancy, and the swallowed liquid can already be filtered and excreted as urine.
The placenta, which is your baby’s life support unit, is also of great importance for the baby’s breathing, eating, and waste disposal. It expends a great deal of energy to perform these tasks.
Your baby’s diaphragm is developing. The diaphragm muscle will activate your baby’s breathing mechanism in the coming weeks.
Support and Movement System
Your puppy’s support and movement system continue to develop, and he started to move little by little. By the 11th week of pregnancy, your baby’s fingers are moving well. His fingers are extended enough to grasp the umbilical cord.
As the skeletal system develops, muscles and joints continue to get stronger.
The kidneys, which started producing urine in the previous week, continue to work. They will speed up their activities in the near future as the intestines settle in their place.
We know that you are eagerly awaiting the gender of your baby during your pregnancy. Every time you go to the doctor, I wonder, “Is the gender of the 11-week-old baby determined? We know you’re thinking. Yes, this week, your baby’s reproductive organ begins to acquire male and female characteristics. However, it is not possible to see this on ultrasound yet. You have to wait a little longer to find out the gender.
Although your baby’s hormone glands are slowly starting to form, they are not yet strong enough to form the immune system. Amniotic fluid continues to protect your baby during this period.
11 Weeks Baby's Movements
We know that you have been looking forward to the day you will feel your baby’s movements since the first moment of your pregnancy. Ultrasound images tell you otherwise, even if it’s not clear that you’re physically pregnant yet. When your baby evolves into a human form after becoming a fetus, it starts to move little by little. However, because it is still as small as a lime, 11-week-old baby movements have not yet reached the level you can feel.
Sensory Organs and Developmental Features in 11 Weeks Baby
Depending on your baby’s brain development, the sense organs also change and develop. While the eyes, nose, ears, skin, and tongue, which work under the control of the brain, continue to complete their development in accordance with their function in the 11th week of pregnancy, some sense organs also start to work. Let’s see, what are the developments in your baby’s sense organs this week?
Eye and Sight
Even though the eyelids are closed, we can say that the 11th week of pregnancy is the week when the development of the eye lenses and eyelids is completed. Small changes will of course continue until birth. In the eyes, it continues to move towards the place where it should be from both sides of the head. The state of sleep and wakefulness that started in the 10th week continues even if the eyes are closed.
Ear and Hearing
While your baby’s small earlobe and auricle development continue, it continues to slowly progress towards where it should be. As of this week, the ears are almost where they should be and in shape. As the development continues, it is not possible to talk about the sense of hearing yet for this week.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
The skin of the fetus, which has a transparent appearance, has almost reached the state it should be. The sense of touch and feel, one of the first developing senses, starts to show itself in your baby this week. If you press on your stomach, it will run to the other side, but you won’t feel it. The sense of touch also develops in the palms this week. For this reason, he can grasp the umbilical cord thanks to his extended fingers and developing a sense of touch. In addition, small hairs on the skin and crown-shaped hair buds begin to form this week.
Nose and sense of smell
The nose is one of the first organs to become apparent with the shaping of the skull. When you look at the ultrasound image, you can see that the facial features have developed with the nose. The 11th week of pregnancy is also the week when the olfactory receptors in the nose develop. In other words, the 11-week-old baby begins to smell the amniotic fluid he is in.
Tongue and Taste
One of your baby’s organs that changes this week is the mouth. Along with the sense of smell, the sense of taste also develops. It begins to swallow the amniotic fluid it is in, and it tastes as well as smells. Even hiccups start due to the contraction action of the diaphragm. But you cannot feel it.
Mother at 11th Week of Pregnancy
Yes, you have left 2.5 months behind, your body started to change while you were experiencing emotional changes. As your baby continues to develop day by day, you have experienced these changes in your own body. So, what kind of changes occur in the expectant mother as 11 weeks pregnant?
Weight gain is one of the most obvious physical changes experienced by the expectant mother at 11 weeks of pregnancy. However, excessive weight gain is not recommended in the first 2-3 months of the mother-to-be. Because the baby, the fetus is still very small, and since the weight gain will be greater in the following months, it is very important to go under control in the first months. As of this week, the recommended maximum is 2-2.5 kilograms.
Growth of the uterus:
It begins to grow in your womb with pregnancy. At 11 weeks, your uterus is the size of a medium grapefruit. Since your uterus has started to grow from the previous weeks, you often feel the urge to urinate because there is a lot of pressure on the bladder. However, as of this week, the pressure of the uterus decreases as it moves towards the abdominal cavity. As your uterus grows, your lateral ligaments are stretched and you may experience muscle pain.
Waking up hungry in the morning:
By the 11th week of pregnancy, morning sickness begins to decrease. For this reason, you may experience waking up hungry in the morning. But an increased appetite doesn’t mean you need a diet for two. You should make this distinction well. So you can keep your weight under control.
Even if your nausea subsides, experiencing hormonal changes can affect your digestive system. When the digestive system slows down due to these hormones, you may experience problems such as constipation or heartburn. The pregnancy hormone called progestin is effective in the formation of this situation. Because progestin relaxes soft muscles and slows down digestion, allowing nutrients to be transferred to your baby more efficiently. As a result, problems such as bloating, gas, and burping can occur.
This week is the period of slow growth in your lower abdomen. A small bulge forms in your lower abdomen as if you’ve eaten a lot.
Dry or oily skin:
Pregnancy is a period when you need to make changes in your skincare routine. One of the most worrying issues for expectant mothers during pregnancy is stretch marks. The 11th week of pregnancy is the period when excessive dryness or lubrication begins to appear on your skin. It is recommended to use care oils suitable for your skin type to prevent such drying or cracks. Thus, you can increase the amount of moisture and elasticity of your skin. If you do your care regularly, you will feel the benefit visibly after the birth.
Tips to Minimize Troublesome Pregnancy Symptoms
You have left 2.5 months behind in your pregnancy. Especially the first 2 months are risky periods for pregnancy and you survived this period with health. As with every expectant mother, some situations may disturb you. We’ve put together some tips you can use to minimize the pregnancy symptoms that are bothering you.
- Now that you are a healthy expectant mother, you can start talking to other mothers about their experiences. In fact, your mother will be your biggest supporter during this period. You should share your problems with him and show him your willingness to help with this process.
- It is beneficial to consume fibrous foods for constipation that you will experience during this period. You can choose dried legumes and dried fruits. Since fibrous foods can cause gas and bloat, it will be better for you to distribute these foods to different meals.
- Another method for constipation is to drink plenty of fluids. Drinking plenty of water or consuming compotes made from dried fruits will be good for your constipation.
- Iron supplementation can also increase your constipation. For this reason, the consumption of plenty of vegetables and salads along with fibrous foods is one of the foods you should choose for both your constipation and not gaining too much weight. In order for the absorption of iron medicine to be at a high level, you should not use it with calcium-containing foods or medicines. For this reason, you should pay attention to a few hours in between.
- You may be feeling more energetic compared to the previous week, but it will still be good for you to rest whenever you can.
How Much Weight Should You Gain?
Since the baby is still very small in the first trimester and its mass will increase rapidly as it grows, your weight gain should be within certain limits. Changes in your body will bring some weight gain. Well, if you have a question mark in your mind such as how much weight will be gained in 11 weeks of pregnancy, it will be correct to gain 2-2.5 kilos until this week.
Your baby is starting to grow now. While the placenta is about to complete its development, the foods you consume reach your baby in this way. For this reason, you should pay more attention to what you eat now. Recommendations about nutrition at 11 weeks of pregnancy can be listed as follows:
- As of this week, your constipation may increase. For this reason, you should consume fiber foods. In addition, more fluid consumption will be good for constipation, bloating, and gas pains.
- You should make sure that the foods you eat are safe as well as comforting. For this reason, you should avoid foods such as undercooked meat or eggs, cold salads, unpasteurized cheese.
- For the development of your baby, you should consume foods rich in folate, fiber, and iron. At the beginning of these foods are dried figs, spring onions, artichokes, tahini, and molasses. You can also consume seafood rich in Omega-3, provided they are fresh.
- Since your baby’s development is now accelerating, calcium-rich foods are very beneficial for their growing and developing bones. Calcium is essential for your baby as well as you. Foods such as dairy products, nuts, and seeds such as almonds and sesame, pulses, spinach, and figs are very rich in calcium.
- You should also be careful with your caffeine consumption. You need to be careful about consuming less than 300 mg per day.
Being pregnant shouldn’t get in the way of exercising or leading an active life. For this reason, it is also very beneficial during pregnancy that you do not miss sports from your daily life. Among the 11-week pregnancy exercises, group activities such as pilates or yoga or short, light-paced walks that you will do without tiring yourself are the most preferred ones.
Our article on “Exercise During Pregnancy” can help you: https://bettermom.net/exercise-during-pregnancy/
In addition to these, if you work sitting all day long, getting up and moving at regular intervals will be beneficial for both you and your baby as it will accelerate blood circulation.
11 Weeks Pregnancy Checklist
From the 11th week of pregnancy until the 14th week, you can have your baby do the double genetic screening test, also known as the nuchal translucency test. This test is done to detect some common fetal abnormalities if any. However, it does not make a definitive diagnosis.
In addition to the double test, detailed ultrasound control can be done as of this week.
Now is the time to learn about issues such as breastfeeding or newborn care. You can read books on this subject. For this, you can ask your friends who have become mothers for help.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 3rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 4th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 5th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 6th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 7th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 8th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 9th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 10th Week