Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 19th Week
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We have prepared a great article for you about the 19th week of pregnancy. We wish all mothers-to-be a pleasant reading.
While you are excitedly waiting for the day when you will hold your little baby in your arms, you are halfway through the process almost in the blink of an eye. While he is on his way to becoming an individual, you are too pregnant to make anyone suspicious. So what awaits you and your baby with the 19th week of pregnancy?
Baby at 19th Week
Ask your baby, “How much has he grown since last week?” If so, be prepared to be surprised. Even in a short period of 7 days, the 19-week-old baby has grown, developed, and gained new skills. So what has changed?
How Big Has My Baby got?
Since last week, your baby has not been idle, he has continued to grow. The weight and height of a 19-week-old baby, which is almost the size of a mango, is expected to be between the following values.
At the 19-week ultrasound examination, fetal length and mass may not be within the expected values. In such a case, it should not be forgotten that every baby is special and there are individual differences in development. The following process should be followed. If the baby’s height and the mass increase continue normally, there is nothing to be worried about.
Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
In order for your little one to continue his life in a healthy way after birth, his systems and organs must complete their development. Even though the organ and system development of the 19-week-old baby has not been completed yet, it has reached the level where it can fulfill the following skills.
Myelin sheath containing fat and protein begins to form around nerve cells. This sheath will enable the neural impulses to be transmitted faster and will provide information transfer at an almost electrical speed in the following months.
With the development of the brain and spinal cord, the connection between the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system becomes stronger. Thus, the baby can move from uncontrolled skeletal movements to controlled movements. In other words, he can voluntarily hold the umbilical cord and throw strong kicks.
Under the control of the brain, sleep and wakefulness patterns begin to form. At certain times of the day, he may sleep for a long time and stay awake for a long time.
The Circulatory System
The heart beats about 140-150 times per minute, pumping the blood in the veins to the whole body. The blood volume has increased, which means that the veins are now visible even under the baby’s skin.
The baby, whose swallowing reflex has developed well, swallows the amniotic fluid and sends the protein, urea, acid, and similar substances in the fluid to his stomach. The first digestion practices begin to be made in the stomach. The contents that practice digestion in the stomach pass into the intestines and are even absorbed here. Digestive wastes accumulate in the large intestine and form a dark-colored, pasty-like substance. This substance, called meconium, will be the baby’s first poop after birth.
The respiratory channels coming after the bronchioles are still primitive at the 19th week of pregnancy. Like an adult, the baby activates the breathing mechanism, filling these primitive airways with amniotic fluid instead of air. Thus, the 19-week-old baby has made his first respiratory practice.
Support and Movement System
Bones, muscles, and joints continue to grow and develop rapidly. Cartilaginous bones continue to ossify by accumulating calcium. The muscles are stronger, the joints are more mobile. A 19-week-old baby can even make facial expressions at you.
The first set of teeth begins to develop under the palate.
The kidneys are not fully mature, but the structures to filter the blood have been formed, albeit at a simple level. The baby drinks the amniotic fluid and the substances in the fluid mix with the blood and come to the primitive filtration units with the blood. Here it is filtered and forms urine. A 19-week-old baby urinates into the amniotic fluid and then swallows the urine again. This cycle will continue until birth.
In female babies, the uterus, vagina, and fallopian tubes have formed, they will only increase in size in the following weeks. By the 19th week of pregnancy, millions of primitive egg cells are present in the ovaries of the female baby.
Reproductive system organs developed in male babies. If the testicles did not descend into the scrotum in the previous weeks, they may descend this week.
If you haven’t learned the gender of the baby yet, “Is the gender of the baby at 19 weeks determined?” If you are wondering; Your doctor will most likely tell you the sex of the baby this week.
At the 19th week of pregnancy, the baby does not have an active immune system. After the 3rd trimester, the antibodies that will pass from the mother to the baby through the placenta will help her immunity.
In order to protect the baby’s skin from the effects of amniotic fluid, a creamy layer called vernix caseosa forms on the skin surface. This layer also contributes to the immunity of the baby by preventing the substances in the amniotic fluid that may cause infection from entering the baby’s body through the skin.
19 Weeks Baby Movements
The baby, whose bone, muscle, and joint structure develop with each passing week, can now throw stronger kicks and somersaults. But 19-week-old baby movements are just like the fluttering of a butterfly’s wings. These vibrations may be felt at a low level by expectant mothers who do not have the first pregnancy. However, a mother who will give birth to a baby for the first time is more likely to mistake these movements as gas pains or stomach rumblings rather than baby movements.
Sensory Organs Development in 19 Weeks Baby
The sense organs under the control of the brain will be as follows as of the 19th week of pregnancy.
Eye and Sight
The eyes took their place on the head. The eyelids still cannot open and close, but the eye muscles are developed enough to move the eyes freely in their sockets.
Ear and Hearing
The auricle was formed before. Continuing to grow, it will become even more pronounced outwardly. Hearing continued to improve as the ears moved to where they should have been on the head. Although the 19-week-old baby cannot hear her mother’s voice yet, she can hear certain frequency sounds.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
- The skin continues to store fat and fills the wrinkles on the skin surface and becomes plump.
- The creamy layer called vernix caseosa continues to accumulate and thicken on the skin surface.
- Fingerprints appear on the fingertips, fingernails, and toenails continue to grow.
- Lanugo hair grows and continues to cover its body. As the baby stores fat under the skin, it will insulate the heat and the need for these hairs will decrease in the coming weeks, so the hairs will begin to fall out.
- Veins begin to appear under the transparent skin layer.
- As the sense of touch continues to develop, the baby can perceive temperature, pressure, and similar stimuli in many parts of his body.
- Channels for hair growth began to form on the scalp.
Tongue and Taste
The taste buds on the tongue are fully developed. The baby can even taste the food the mother eats from the amniotic fluid she swallows. So your baby may not like eggplant and love bananas already.
Nose and Sense of Smell
Taste and smell sensory centers are very close to each other on the brain. For this reason, they work in coordination. Along with the baby’s sense of taste, the sense of smell has also developed. A 19-week-old baby can smell the food you eat from the amniotic fluid that enters his nose.
Mom at 19th Week of Pregnancy
As the baby grows and develops, 19 weeks pregnant will experience many changes in order to adapt to the process. If you wish, let’s take a look at what kind of symptoms await the expectant mother at 19 weeks of pregnancy.
Spotting on the skin:
Due to pregnancy hormones, dark spots can be seen especially in the nose, forehead, and cheek area of the expectant mother. The spots will most likely go away after delivery. If you do not want the scars to be permanent, you should be careful not to expose the stained face to the sun without using sunscreen.
Frequent urination and urinary tract infections:
The growing uterus puts pressure on the urethra and bladder. While this pressure causes the bladder to fill up quickly by narrowing its volume, thus causing frequent urination, the clogged urinary channels may create an infection by creating a suitable environment for the proliferation of microorganisms.
Pregnancy stretch marks:
With the growth of the baby, the abdomen, breasts with the work of the mammary glands, and the hip and leg areas with the weight gain of the expectant mother. This expansion can create cracks on the skin surface. In order to prevent these thin and permanent scars, which are likely to increase in the following weeks, you should pay attention to controlled weight gain. Using crack cream to keep the skin moist will also reduce the formation of cracks.
Swelling and growth in the feet:
For the baby to grow and develop, the uterus must first stretch. Pregnancy hormones are released to make room for the growing baby by relaxing the uterine muscles also relax the skeletal muscles. Expansion and swelling may occur in these shadows, especially when your birth weight and the weight of the baby are loaded on the relaxed muscles in the feet and hips. In some expectant mothers, the enlargement of the feet is permanent and may cause the foot number to grow by half or 1 size after birth.
Waist and back pain:
As of the second trimester, the most common complaints are low back and back pain. The reason is, of course, that the growing belly changes the center of gravity in the mother’s body and the weight gained by the mother during pregnancy.
Congestion and bleeding in the nose:
Pregnancy hormones increase blood volume, causing swelling of the mucous membranes. As a result, a feeling of congestion and bleeding may occur in the nose.
Heartburn and indigestion:
As pregnancy hormones slow down muscle movements, the movement of the muscles in the stomach and intestines also slows down. As a result of slowing down digestion, symptoms such as heartburn, heartburn and constipation may occur.
As a result of the weight of the baby pressing on the intestines and the muscles relax with the pregnancy hormones, the intestines begin to be pushed out of the anus. Thus, hemorrhoids, which are one of the most common and very annoying symptoms, can occur. On top of that, when the symptom of constipation, which started to appear as of 19 weeks of pregnancy, is added, the situation may start to become more serious.
Breast enlargement and tenderness:
Pregnancy hormones that ensure the continuation of pregnancy begin to stimulate the mammary glands long before birth. This warming causes the production of milk secretion in the milk ducts and the accumulation of milk, causing tension and tenderness in the breasts.
Low blood pressure may be seen in some expectant mothers due to low blood pressure. It is normal to experience dizziness when blood pressure drops. To prevent dizziness; You should be careful not to get up suddenly while lying or sitting, not to be hungry, not to take a bath with hot water.
Things to Consider to Minimize Pregnancy Symptoms!
- Although the second trimester is easier than the first and last trimester of pregnancy, some symptoms experienced at 19 weeks of pregnancy can make the process difficult for the expectant mother. The simple precautions you will take will make the pregnancy process more enjoyable.
- Do not consume more food than you need and gain controlled weight by saying that I am two living things.
- If you gain more weight than you should, consult a gynecologist and get support from a dietitian.
- Do not neglect to exercise, provided that you do not overdo it.
- Take care to rest whenever possible and not to stand too long.
- For a comfortable sleep, support your waist and legs with pillows.
- To minimize dark spots on the skin, buy sunscreen with natural ingredients and do not go out to the sun without protection.
- Prevent stretch marks by keeping your skin moist with stretch marks or natural oils with a moisturizing effect. Before using cream or oil, be sure to inform your doctor.
How Much Weight Should You Gain?
In order for the pregnancy process to continue in a healthy way for both the expectant mother and the baby, it is important for the mother to gain weight in a controlled manner. If you are wondering how much weight can be gained at 19 weeks of pregnancy; Under normal conditions, you are expected to gain approximately 3.50-5.5 kilograms. However, some expectant mothers vomit frequently due to symptoms such as nausea and loss of appetite and cannot eat enough. In this case, he may lose weight instead of gaining weight. Some, however, eat more than they need by saying that they are two creatures. In this case, weight may be gained below or above the expected range. In both cases, it is useful to discuss with your doctor specifically about nutrition.
What you will be fed during pregnancy will also enter your baby’s body. Therefore, it is important what kind of diet you have during pregnancy. Paying attention to the following issues regarding nutrition at 19 weeks of pregnancy is necessary for the health of both you and your baby.
- Don’t eat for two just because I’m pregnant. It will be enough to consume only 300-350 calories more per day. This amount will yield approximately only 2 extra fruits.
- Be sure to eat 6 meals a day, 3 main and 3 snacks.
- You should pay attention to get enough of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals in meals.
- Prepare your meals with healthier cooking methods such as boiling, baking, and steaming instead of frying.
- Consume calcium-rich foods to prevent tooth loss and reduce bone pain.
- Drink more than 2 liters of water per day. If you are in the summer, increase this amount.
- Consume fibrous foods.
- Eat a balanced, adequate, and regular diet.
As long as you do not experience miscarriage, skeletal system problems, and similar health problems, you can do sports during pregnancy with the approval of your doctor. Depending on the week of your pregnancy, the type of sport you will do and the tempo of the sport you will do will also change. The 19-week pregnancy exercise options that you can do safely in this process are as follows.
- Light pace walking
- Stretching exercises to strengthen the spine
- group exercises
19 Weeks Pregnancy Checklist
At the 19th week of pregnancy, you can have amniocentesis, which performs genetic screening for the baby, or a quadruple screening test, which calculates the probability of genetic anomalies in the baby.
- Be aware of what awaits you and your baby next week. You can use reliable sources on the internet or personal development books to learn about the process.
- If you have learned the gender of the baby, you can now start searching for a name.
- If you know the gender, you can start shopping for babies. Because now you know whether to buy pink or blue.
- If you have one last vacation plan before the baby arrives, this week will be suitable for you.
- It will be good for you to go out with your friends, get together and share the excitement of a pregnancy with your loved ones.
- If you want to support the development of the baby in the best way during pregnancy and make pregnancy easier for yourself, you need to be in control of the process. As a mother-to-be, knowing what awaits you and your baby at the 19th week of pregnancy will always put you one step ahead.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 3rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 4th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 5th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 6th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 7th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 8th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 9th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 10th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 11th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 12th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 13th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 14th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 15th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 16th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 17th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 18th Week
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