Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 22nd Week
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We have prepared a great article for you about the 22nd week of pregnancy. 🙂 We wish all mothers-to-be a pleasant reading in advance.
As of now, you are still in the 2nd trimester. While you are counting the day you will hold your baby in your arms as soon as possible, you have left more than half of the way behind as of the 22nd week of pregnancy. During this time, you and your baby have come a long way in cooperation. Learning in detail how your baby is now, what is waiting for you and how you can spend the process better will increase the quality of the process.
Baby at 22nd Week
We can say that while your tummy is making its way towards your nose, your little one has grown up to be hand in hand.
How Big Has My Baby got?
It continues to grow, develop and acquire new skills every day, even while you sleep. The weight and height of the 22-week-old baby, who is now almost the size of a coconut, is expected to be in the following range.
As a result of your doctor’s ultrasound examination, the data you get may not be within the average values. This is not something to be afraid of, there will always be individual differences in development. The important thing is whether your little one will continue to gain weight and grow longer in the coming weeks. It is best to follow the process with your obstetrician.
The Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills in Infants
While dreaming of having a healthy baby with cotton skin and rosy cheeks in your lap, your little one is working for the day when she will come to your lap in good health. The organs and systems of the 22-week-old baby, who will work better every day than the previous day, will be approximate as follows.
- Nerve cells form myelin sheaths on the outside. In this way, neural impulses can be transmitted faster.
- Nerve endings that connect neurons with other neurons are developing. Nerve endings are the connections of the nervous system and will ensure that the whole body is controlled by the central and peripheral nervous system.
- Along with the brain, the cerebellum, spinal cord and spinal cord continue to develop rapidly. This development supervises and regulates the work of both the involuntary internal organs and the voluntary skeletal system. The baby can now move of its own accord.
- Your little one already has a sleeping pattern. He sleeps at certain times of the day, and stays awake at certain times, making a mess.
The Circulatory System
The heart beats about 100-150 times per minute, pumping blood throughout the baby’s body. Bones continue to produce blood, increasing blood volume. In response to the increased blood volume, the vessels become more durable by increasing their thickness.
The muscle structure called the anal sphincter, which works voluntarily and involuntarily in order to defecate, has completely gained its function. But defecation will occur only after birth. For now, his stomach is filled and emptied with amniotic fluid many times during the day, and the digestive wastes it creates accumulate in the intestine without defecation.
He’s practicing chest breathing. The chest goes up and down as if breathing and filling with amniotic fluid. The border between the alveoli and blood vessels is thinning. This thinning will continue until oxygen and carbon dioxide pass through.
Support and Movement System
The skeletal system and tooth roots are strengthened by ossifying cartilage structures by using your calcium reserves. The muscles are now stronger, so he can move his arms and legs much more easily.
It swallows the amniotic fluid it lives in, digests it, empties it as urine, and then swallows it again. This cycle is a wonderful excretory system practice that will continue until birth.
Male and female babies had their reproductive organs formed long ago. Nowadays, ovaries, uterus, and vagina are developing in female babies; In male babies, the testicles continue to descend into the scrotum, that is, the scrotum.
One of the most curious questions these days is the gender of the 22-week-old baby. If you haven’t learned by this time, at the first examination, finally, “A girl? Is it male?” You will learn that it will happen.
The external world of the baby, whose defense system is not very strong, is amniotic fluid. The baby is protected from the possible effects of this liquid by a creamy layer called vernix caseosa, which still covers his skin.
On behalf of the immune system, the most important development that can be experienced at the 22nd week of pregnancy will be that the IgG antibodies produced by the expectant mother will begin to pass to the baby through the placenta. These antibodies, which will increase in number over time, will protect the baby from diseases both during pregnancy and for a while after birth.
22 Weeks Baby Movements
The movements of your little pup, whose skeletal system has begun to transform from a cartilage structure to a bone structure, have become longer, their joints are working well and their muscles are getting stronger day by day, have now reached a level that can be felt. The movements of the 22-week-old baby are felt by the expectant mother in the form of wiggles and slight shifts. He can even understand when he hiccups with his rhythmic vein-like movements.
Father candidates who cannot understand the baby’s movements from the outside will also be able to witness this miracle after a week or two at the latest.
Baby’s Movements in the Womb: https://bettermom.net/fetal-movement-heres-why-babies-kick-in-the-womb/
Sense Organs and Developmental Characteristics in 22 Weeks Old Baby
Your little one’s sense organs have developed enough to allow him to communicate with the outside world already.
Eye and Sight
Tear ducts are forming. Her eyelashes and eyebrows have given enough tips to be visible from the outside.
His eyelids are fully developed, but he still cannot open and close them. While increasing the number of vision receptors, also improves their functions. His eyesight has reached the maturity level to be able to tell whether it is day or night from the amount of light outside, despite his closed eyelids. You can easily test this with a flashlight. Wait for a while in the dark with your stomach open, then shine a light on your belly with the help of a flashlight. You will notice that the baby wiggles in response to the light.
Ear and Hearing
As the bones in the inner ear continue to harden, the baby’s hearing and sense of balance are also developing. In some babies, the hearing receptors have developed enough to hear their mother’s speech, heartbeat, and stomach rumbling within the 22nd week of pregnancy. However, most of them can only hear sounds at certain frequencies that an adult human ear cannot hear.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
The sense of touch in the hands is much more sensitive. Your little one will feel them by grasping the umbilical cord, nose, or hands and feet at 22 weeks of pregnancy. Not only the hands but also many parts of the baby’s body begin to perceive the senses of touch such as hot, cold, pressure, pain.
Hair ends are now visible from the channels where the hair will grow on the scalp. Its body is still covered with lanugo hairs, which serve as thermal insulation. The white and creamy vernix caseosa layer that covers the skin surface, on the other hand, forms a thick layer and protects the baby from the effects of amniotic fluid.
Tongue and Taste
Your baby’s sense of taste, now a true gourmet, is in very good shape. The food you eat is transmitted to the baby through the placenta. Each time the baby swallows the amniotic fluid, it will taste the digested food contained in it. Know in advance that you will love some foods and squint at others.
Nose and sense of smell
The olfactory receptors located in the yellow region of the nose are now in very good condition. He can detect the odor of food, acids, and other substances in the amniotic fluid, even if he does not have air in his nose at this time.
Mom at 22 Weeks Pregnancy
As time flies by, you are getting closer to birthday by day. As you get closer to delivery, some pregnancy-related problems can start to get annoying. Let’s see what awaits the expectant mother at 22 weeks of pregnancy.
As we approach the end of the second trimester, pregnancy itself is a sufficient reason for insomnia. Back and leg pains, edema, heartburn, reflux, frequent going to the toilet and similar problems, which started in the past weeks and increased with each passing week, are all obstacles to a comfortable sleep.
The pregnancy hormones relax the muscles in the intestines and the weight of the baby relaxes and is pushed out of the intestines. The last part of the large intestine comes out of the anus in the form of small pieces of meat, causing hemorrhoids.
Growth in feet:
She normally wears size 38 shoes and says, “I went to the birth with size 42 shoes!” Your friend is definitely not exaggerating. Growth in the feet during pregnancy can occur in two ways due to edema and hormones.
- Pregnancy hormones widen the pelvis by loosening the ligaments between the hip, sacral, and coccygeal bones to make room for the growing baby. However, the effect of the hormone to loosen the bonds between the bones also manifests itself in the bones of the feet. When the weight of the mother who gains weight on the loosening ligaments collapses, the foot bones expand by moving away from each other. This enlargement is permanent, it can cause your foot size to grow after birth.
- Swelling may occur in the feet due to edema. This is a temporary situation. It will increase towards the end of pregnancy and will go away on its own shortly after birth.
Stretch marks, which were only seen on the abdomen in the previous weeks, begin to appear on the breasts and hips as of the 22nd week of pregnancy. Developing due to weight gain and the growth of the baby in the womb; These scars, which are pink, light purple and sometimes white, are permanent. The best thing you can do for these traces that will be a memory for you from pregnancy is to take precautions before they occur.
Abdominal Pain and Cramping:
As the uterus grows, the abdominal muscles tighten. This stretching can cause pain and cramping in the abdomen and groin area.
Abdominal muscles can sometimes contract and relax for a while, putting you in a state that you might think is labor pain. These contractions, called Braxton Hicks, are not a harbinger of labor, unlike labor pains, they appear as irregular and non-increasing contractions over time. There is no need to panic because it will probably stop on its own after a short while.
Pregnancy hormones relax the muscles between the bones in the pelvis to make room for the growing uterus. Relaxed muscles allow the bones in the groin and hip region to stretch and make room for the uterus. However, both the flexion between the bones and the weight of the baby cause pelvic pain in the area.
Changes in hormone values due to pregnancy, the heart beating faster to pump more blood to the body, and the acceleration of metabolism cause a feeling called hot flashes or burning in the expectant mother.
Increase in Sexual Desire:
During this period, as the hormones reach their maximum level, there may be an increase in sexual desire. Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, it is okay to have sexual intercourse in positions that do not put pressure on your abdomen.
Important Tips to Minimize Uncomfortable Pregnancy Problems!
Although the 22nd week of pregnancy in the 2nd trimester coincides with the golden age of the pregnancy, it is difficult to adapt to all the changes that occur in your body. In this process, it is enough to pay attention to the following points in order to minimize the problems related to 22 weeks of pregnancy.
The most effective thing you can do to reduce pregnancy symptoms will be not to gain unnecessary weight. Be mindful of nutrition at 22 weeks pregnant to control weight gain;
- Eat often and but not too much at once.
- Eat 3 main meals and 3 snacks a day.
- Don’t eat for two just because I’m pregnant. It’s enough to get an extra 300-350 calories in addition to your old routine.
- Do not consume fried foods, pastries, sweets, white bread, processed meat, packaged snacks, and similar poor-quality foods.
- Do not consume sugary drinks such as cola, fruit juice, soda.
- Drink at least 2 liters of water per day.
- Consume fibrous foods.
- Skin cracks are permanent scars and although they do not bother you much now, they can bother you in the future. Inevitable; You may not be seeing the excitement of being a mother right now, but it is important to take precautions before cracks appear. With the knowledge of your doctor; Almond oil, aloe vera gel, horsetail plant, and similar natural products or crack creams that you can find in pharmacies will give the skin the elasticity it needs.
- Do not stand for a long time during the day, sit down and rest whenever possible.
- If you experience hot flashes frequently; You can relax by wearing thin and breathable cotton clothes, taking warm showers at frequent intervals, and consuming plenty of fluids.
How Much Weight Should You Gain?
It’s unlikely to get into your old clothes these days. You may not be able to enter the new clothes you buy now after a few months. This is so normal. However, you should know your limits well in order to lose your postpartum weight easily and return to your old form as soon as possible. In other words, it is useful to know how much weight should be gained at 22 weeks of pregnancy.
You are expected to have gained 5-7 kilos by now. The weight gain of expectant mothers who experience nausea and vomiting problems in the first trimester may be below the limit value. In the coming weeks, they will also gain weight. However, exceeding the upper limit of limit can put you in health problems both during pregnancy and after delivery. It is useful to follow the process with your doctor and to get help from a dietitian if necessary.
Checklist at 22 Weeks Pregnancy
- Now that you know the gender, you can start baby shopping.
- You know the gender. So do a name search now. If you leave this job to the last moment, you can give the baby a name that does not suit you and regret it later.
- Start planning with which theme you will prepare your little one’s room, what to buy, what color to paint the wall.
- If you haven’t done it yet, you are in the last week for a detailed (detailed) ultrasound scan. With this scan, your doctor will receive data on the development of the baby’s important internal organs and limbs, such as the heart, kidneys, and lungs, and will be able to evaluate the signs that indicate the possibility of the baby having a genetic anomaly.
- If you’re considering a doula, start researching now.
- Make a birth plan. Make your preparations in advance about which hospital and with which doctor you will give birth.
Being conscious during pregnancy, when you witness a miracle, is important for the health of both the mother and the baby. For this reason, it is useful to know what awaits you and your baby in the 22nd week of pregnancy, as in other weeks.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 3rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 4th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 5th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 6th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 7th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 8th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 9th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 10th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 11th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 12th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 13th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 14th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 15th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 16th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 17th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 18th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 19th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 20th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 21st Week
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