Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 23rd Week
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We have prepared a great article for you about the 23rd week of pregnancy. 🙂 We wish all mothers-to-be a pleasant reading in advance.
Congratulations! You have successfully survived the first half. With the 23rd week of pregnancy, approximately four months are left for delivery. Although it may seem like a long time to you, you can be sure that four months will pass in the blink of an eye. To keep up with this rapidly passing the time, let’s examine all the details you wonder about the week together.
Baby at 23rd Week
When you look at the ultrasound picture, yes, what you see is a baby. So how big is it? How does it survive there? How do their systems work? Can he hear me? Let’s answer all the questions you have about the 23-week-old baby.
How Big Has My Baby got?
The weight and height of the 23-week-old baby, a large grapefruit size, is approximately in the range below.
Your baby’s height and weight values may not be in this range. This is not usually a problem; It occurs due to the difference between the actual fertilization and the estimated fertilization dates and the genetic inheritance inherited from the parents.
The Development of Baby's Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
As birth approaches, the baby’s internal organs begin to reach a level that can work independently. Under normal conditions, the level of organ and system development of the 23-week-old baby is expected to be as follows.
The brain continues to grow and develop from the first weeks. However, the 23-week-old baby’s brain is still curved and straight. It will soon form its unique folds, and your little genius will achieve great things in the future with the synaptic networks in those folds.
The baby sleeps in cycles and stays awake. Since your little one will be sleeping for almost 12-14 hours during the day, do not be afraid during sedentary hours and monitor whether he will move in the following hours.
Her body temperature is also higher than yours because her metabolism works faster than the mothers.
The Circulatory System
The heartbeat is strong enough to be heard when a stethoscope is held in the womb. It is straightforward to distinguish your heartbeat from his. While an adult’s heart beats 60-100 times per minute, a 23-week-old baby’s heartbeats 100-150 times. Besides, the sound you hear in a fast rhythm…
The mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine have completed their structural formation. At 23 weeks of pregnancy, the baby will continue to mature this system by practicing digestion.
Thinning the barrier between alveoli and blood vessels. Along with this thinning, the increase in the amount of blood flowing in the veins will push the barrier even more and allow the passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide after birth. So the baby will be able to breathe on this occasion.
Support and Movement System
By this time, the head was noticeably larger than the other parts of the body. However, as of the 23rd week of pregnancy, the whole body skeleton is now proportionally balanced. If the whole body is considered head, trunk, and legs, they are one-third of the body separately.
Nephrons and pools were formed in the kidneys. These structures filter the blood and form urine. Urine goes from the baby’s ureter to the bladder and stays in the bladder for a short time. It is then excreted into the placenta through the urinary canal (urethra). The baby repeats the same actions repeatedly by swallowing the urine that he expels together with the amniotic fluid.
All systems in humans except the reproductive system are the same in men and women. As of the 23rd week of pregnancy, girls and boys show significant differences in terms of both internal reproductive system organs and external reproductive system organs.
In girls, the vagina, uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes have already formed, this week continues to develop, mature, and grow. In men, the testicles begin to protrude from the inside of the groin to the outside of the body.
The vagina and penis became clear enough to be easily distinguished from ultrasound. For this reason, if you did not find out the gender in the last month’s examination, the gender of the 23-week-old baby will be easily determined.
The expectant mother gives the IgG antibodies she produces in her own body to the baby through the placenta. These antibodies circulating in the baby’s blood will be one of the strongest elements of the baby’s defense system until the first three months after birth.
23 Weeks Baby Movements
You will be surprised to see that you can feel the movements of your puppy, whose support and movement system is getting stronger day by day, even more clearly than last week. As of this week, the father-to-be will finally be able to feel the movements of the 23-week-old baby.
The expectant mother can quickly feel kicks, twists, slips, hiccups, and similar movements: the 23-week-old baby, who is very active some days, may be a little lazy some days. You may even notice that he does not move at all for a certain period during the day. Don’t let this scare you right away. The baby now has a sleep pattern, even in the womb. Based on the intensity of movement, you can tell whether he is asleep or awake. However, it is still necessary to dominate the process and monitor whether there is a period in which it is active during the day.
Sensory Organs and Developmental Characteristics in 23 Weeks Old Baby
We know that you wonder what happens in your baby’s 23rd week of pregnancy, whose sense organs and perceptions are developing with each passing week. If you wish, let’s talk about each sense and sense organ in detail.
Eye and Sight
The eyelids are fully formed but still won’t open or close. As the number of cells in the eye, called the yellow spot, where the vision receptors are located, increases, the baby’s vision develops. Even with closed eyelids, when you hold a flashlight on your stomach in a dark environment, the baby will detect it and even react to you by moving.
Ear and Hearing
Tiny bones in the inner ear that aid both hearing and balance continue to harden. Thus, the baby’s body balance and hearing continue to develop.
It increases the number of nerve cells specialized for hearing. Some babies can still hear sounds at frequencies that an adult cannot hear, while others have developed enough to hear their mother’s speech, heartbeat, stomach rumbling. You better start telling good stories and lullabies to your baby with your sweet voice, in case your baby can hear you.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
The skin is essentially still transparent enough to show the internal organs at 23 weeks of age. However, her skin is now in shades close to red, as the veins begin to appear under the skin. As he continues to store fat, his skin will become plump and turn the pink of a baby’s skin.
The hair that appears on the scalp becomes even more pronounced.
The vernix caseosa layer and lanugo hairs on the skin still predominate.
Tongue and Taste
The baby’s sense of taste has developed. As he swallows the amniotic fluid, he can take in the flavors of the foods you eat.
Nose and sense of smell
As the amniotic fluid enters the baby’s nose, the olfactory receptors in the yellow area are stimulated. Stimuli go to the brain and perceive the smell through the brain.
Mom at 23 Weeks Pregnancy
Creating and raising a living thing in your body is not an easy task. What awaits the expectant mother at 23 weeks of pregnancy when your hormone values, body, and psychology are all turned upside down?
Digestive System Ailments:
Increasing weight, pregnancy hormones, growing and expanding uterus… While the joint work of all of them affects the digestive system, let’s see what changes in your daily life.
- Stomach muscles work more slowly. As a result of this slowdown, digestion also slows down, and indigestion occurs.
- As a result of the relaxation of the gastric valve and the pressure of the uterus on the stomach, the valve opens, causing the food to leave the stomach and return to the esophagus and mouth. So the problem we call reflux occurs.
- Constipation occurs as a result of decreased motility of the muscles in the large intestine. When the pressure of the growing uterus is added, the intestine comes out of the anus, and hemorrhoids occur.
Difficulty in Breathing:
As the baby grows, the uterus expands, the mother gains weight, the mother’s lungs become compressed, and breathing becomes more difficult.
Frequent Going to the Toilet:
The heavier uterus puts pressure on the urinary bladder, causing the bladder to fill up in a short time and going to the toilet more often.
Urinary Tract Infections:
The pressure of the uterus on the bladder sometimes clogs the urethra and causes the urine accumulated there to cause infection.
Formation of dark spots on the skin:
One of the signature signs that you are pregnant is dark patches on the skin. Although it can be seen especially on the nose, forehead, and cheeks, pregnancy hormones cause the spots seen in other parts of the body. It is not a cause for concern as they will disappear on their own after birth.
Crack in the Skin:
You can now see the pink-purple, white tears you saw in the abdomen, on the breasts, buttocks, and legs. The reason for the formation of cracks; The skin is not flexible enough to keep up with the mother’s weight gain and the baby’s growth rate. Know that these scars will not go away after pregnancy, and accordingly, take measures to give the skin elasticity before it occurs, not after it occurs.
Growth in Feet:
Pregnancy hormones loosen the ligaments in the pelvis so that the growing baby can fit and settle quickly on the hip. Hormones also affect the ligaments between the pelvis and the foot bones. When pregnancy weights are loaded on the loosening ligaments, the bones move away from each other and expand the foot. Although this enlargement decreases after birth, it can cause your foot to grow permanently.
Waist, back, and Leg Pains:
The weight gained during pregnancy and your little one changes the body’s center of gravity, forcing the bones and muscles that keep you standing. Your new mass and changing center of gravity cause pain in the lower back, back, and legs.
Nasal congestion and bleeding in the nose:
Beta HCG hormone increases blood volume, causing swelling of the mucous membranes in the nose and thus nasal congestion. The capillaries on the swollen mucous membrane become tender and may bleed a little, sometimes cracking.
The heavier uterus puts pressure on the blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the brain. As a result, dizziness, darkening of the eyes, and low blood pressure may occur.
Growing baby, back and leg pains, indigestion, heartburn, reflux, going to the toilet frequently at night… While all these are happening, insomnia is, of course, inevitable.
Tips to Minimize Annoying Pregnancy Symptoms!
Seventeen weeks before the birth, many changes are seen in the pregnant mother due to pregnancy. With simple measures, it is possible to manage these changes with minor damage.
- Do not gain more weight than you should on average. This measure alone will lessen the effects of many of the symptoms that bother you.
- To prevent cracks in the skin with pregnancy, take measures that can give the skin elasticity. After consulting your doctor, you can use a suitable stretch mark cream or natural products such as sweet almond oil, horsetail plant, calendula oil, aloe vera gel, and olive oil.
- To prevent dizziness and low blood pressure, do not get up suddenly while lying down or sitting, stay hungry for a long time, and not take a bath with hot water.
- To cope with insomnia;
- Do not gain unnecessary weight.
- Do not drink water before going to bed.
- Don’t eat late.
- Support the waist, abdomen, and legs with pillows while sleeping.
- Take a warm shower.
- For a glass of warm milk.
- Don’t stay up too long and rest whenever you can. Thus, your varicose veins, edema, low back and leg pain complaints will decrease significantly.
- If your hair and skin type change due to pregnancy hormones, do not care about organic products.
How Much Weight Should You Gain?
Any excess weight gained during pregnancy can be challenging to return to you. Because most of the digestive, respiratory and circulatory problems you will experience until birth are caused by the body’s pressure under the extra weight that it is not accustomed to. For this reason, how much weight you gain at 23 weeks of pregnancy will affect your health status both today and in the next four months.
Your doctor expects you to have gained 5.5-7.5 kilos by now. In case exceeding the lower or upper limit of this range, your nutritional habits and health status should be closely monitored.
If you gain too much weight, you can get help from a dietitian, and you can also do low-paced walking, pilates, yoga, swimming, pregnant exercises.
Nutritional Recommendations at 23 Weeks Pregnancy
- Eat a balanced and regular diet. Make sure you get enough of each nutrient.
- Do not eat for two just because I carry another life in my stomach. It is enough to take 300-350 calories more than what you ate before.
- Eat three main meals and three snacks a day.
- Drink at least 2 liters of water per day.
- Consume fibrous foods.
- Avoid oily, spicy, and very salty foods.
- Stay away from addictive, harmful substances such as processed meat, packaged products, and alcohol.
- Do not eat raw and undercooked seafood and meat products.
- Do not eat raw fruits and vegetables without washing them thoroughly.
- Take care of personal and home hygiene.
- Consume foods containing minerals that strengthen bones, such as calcium and magnesium. If necessary, take nutritional supplements with the recommendation of your doctor.
Checklist at 23 Weeks Pregnancy
- Do the necessary shopping while waiting for your baby. Design her room and get her clothes ready.
- You’ve learned the gender, so now it’s time to search for the name.
- If you’re a working mom, create a flexible plan with alternative options for maternity leave and who cares for the baby after birth.
- If you plan to have a baby shower before your body gets heavier, you can start preparing now.
- Evaluate the options carefully about where you will give birth and which doctor you will prefer. If you are still undecided, you can seek advice from relatives who have recently given birth.
- Spend time with your loved ones, go out, travel, watch movies, read books while you still can.
- Read books on baby care and baby development.
While you are getting ready for the day of birth, your baby is finely woven into every detail to survive in a healthy way in the world where he will be born. If you want to spend this process in the most productive way for both of you, it would be good to look at what happens during the 23rd week of pregnancy and beyond.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 3rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 4th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 5th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 6th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 7th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 8th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 9th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 10th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 11th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 12th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 13th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 14th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 15th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 16th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 17th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 18th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 19th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 20th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 21st Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 22nd Week
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