Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 28th Week
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You have entered the last trimester of pregnancy. During this period, your doctor may want to do your check-ups every two weeks as you step into the 28th week of pregnancy, your excitement increases. While the level of curiosity and excitement increases, knowing what changes and developments in your baby will make the process easier for you.
Baby at 28th Week
In these weeks, when you feel your baby’s presence more clearly with his movements, your little one has become able to communicate with the outside. It can distinguish the flavors of the foods you eat and even react to these flavors. A 28-week-old baby can do much more than you can imagine. What can it do? Let’s get to know your baby better.
How Big Has My Baby got?
Your little one has reached the size of a large and plump eggplant as of 28 weeks. Your baby is growing day by day and is on his way to becoming a chubby baby.
Approximately 28-week-old baby weight and height are expected to be within the range of values in the table below.
Do not forget that genes are effective in your baby’s development rate and growth values. You may encounter fetal length and mass values different from the values given in the table under the doctor’s control. Before worrying about this, consider the genetic inheritance you have passed on to your baby regarding height. You can get the most accurate information by talking about the process with your doctor.
Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
While you are waiting for the excitement of holding your baby in your arms, it continues to grow at full speed. You won’t believe the changes in your baby’s growing organs.
Organ and system developments in 28-week-old babies will be as follows:
The brain continues to grow. As the brain develops itself, it continues to distribute neurons to the folds it formed. Millions of neurons are already ready to do their job.
He can create his sleep pattern. He sleeps in cycles and stays awake. Sleep time can be long or short. Therefore, it is normal for him to be inactive during sleep; there is nothing to worry about.
The Circulatory System
As your little one develops, the increased blood volume causes their veins to become prominent and enlarged.
The defecation process in infants has not yet taken place. It collects the remains of digestion of amniotic fluid, which will be excreted as the first feces after birth, and keeps them in the intestine. He frequently swallows the liquid he is in during the day and practices digestion in the stomach and intestines. Digestive wastes are waiting in the intestine, as we mentioned.
The respiratory system is one of the last to develop. The chest practices breathing with amniotic fluid instead of air. The respiratory system is not yet developed. If a situation such as premature birth is encountered, receiving a respirator supplement in the maternity unit is possible.
Support and Movement System
You will feel your baby’s movements more clearly as the mass and height increase and the muscles strengthen. Even this gives you an idea of how much the support and movement system has developed.
It grows and strengthens the bones by taking calcium from the mother’s food, if not enough, from the mother’s stores. For this reason, it is important to take enough calcium and eat a balanced diet at the 28th week of pregnancy and beyond.
The 28-week-old baby, who has not yet completed kidney development, continues to drink the amniotic fluid. The liquid that is filtered by the kidneys forms urine. The baby makes urine into the liquid it is in, swallows it repeatedly, and filters it through the kidneys.
The antibodies that protect your little one continue to increase in numbers. The antibodies passed from you to your baby protect his immune system and will continue to protect for the first three months after birth. Therefore, you must be as healthy as your baby.
Reproductive systems and organs in girls and boys are close to completing their development in the previous weeks. As of the 28th week of pregnancy, if the testicles have not descended into the scrotum in male babies, they may descend this week.
28 Weeks Baby Movements
The movements of your puppy, which has left its most active days behind, are restricted. This is because the baby’s mass and height increase significantly and cannot fit into the space. Therefore, do not let the decrease in their movements cause you to worry.
At 28 weeks, baby movements have become quite palpable. Although your baby’s movement is restricted, his kicks may become more severe with the development of his muscular system.
Sensory Organs and Developmental Characteristics of 28 Weeks Old Baby
As your baby grows, sensory organs develop along with the nervous system. He begins to understand the real world outside the womb. The sense organs and developmental characteristics of 28-week-old babies have reached the following level.
Eye and Sight
The eyelids and surrounding area were already developed. Your little one, who has started to do eye-opening and closing movements in the past weeks, can do these movements optionally. Visual receptors are at a level that can understand light from outside and distinguish between day and night.
To test your little one’s sensitivity to light, you can hold the flashlight on your stomach and understand. Perceiving the light, your baby will begin to move.
Ear and Hearing
Your baby, whose ear shape is completed, can hear outside sounds. It records the music you listen to and your voice and can recognize it even after you’re born. You can sing lots of lullabies to your baby and tell him stories. It is a nice option to strengthen your communication in soothing classical music.
Tongue and Taste
As of the 28th week of pregnancy, your little one, who has started to taste, even more, can easily taste the foods you eat. Taste buds are developed. He can even distinguish the taste of the eggplant dish you eat during the day and the taste of ice cream.
Nose and Sense of Smell
The more the sense of taste develops, the more the sense of smell develops in parallel. This is because the centers of both senses in the brain are very close to each other. The baby can smell the liquid when it enters the nose in the same way it tastes from amniotic fluid. In other words, it is possible to smell the eggplant you eat while tasting it.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
Your baby, who can feel the interactions such as hot-cold and pain, continues to get stronger and thicker to store fat. It has smooth skin thanks to the fat it stores under the skin. In this way, it will no longer need the lanugo feathers it needs for warmth.
Mom at 28 Weeks Pregnancy
They say the numbered days pass quickly. While the exciting waiting continues, the symptoms of your mothers continue to increase.
Remember that every change these symptoms create in your body is for your pup. If you ask what kind of changes happen in mothers at 28 weeks of pregnancy… Let’s examine it all together.
Indigestion and gas pains:
You may suffer from gas pains and indigestion along with the slowed digestive system. Getting plenty of exercises and consuming foods that are easy to digest will benefit you.
Hemorrhoids are a common symptom during pregnancy as well as a normal disease. With the increase in the mass of your baby, you may encounter the problem of hemorrhoids due to the pressure on the uterus and the relaxation of the intestinal muscles.
Braxton hicks contractions:
Don’t worry if you are not giving birth yet. False labor pains, known as Braxton hicks contractions, may increase during the weeks you are in. Your body, preparing for birth, will occasionally try a pain that spreads from the womb.
Change your position to see if this pain is real labor. When the change is made, you should understand that if the pain has subsided, it is a preparatory pain called Braxton hicks, and you should not worry.
Swelling may occur on the feet, legs, face, and hands of expectant mothers during pregnancy.
As the veins in your body expand, there is an increase in fluid. This increase progresses to the tissues. Thus, edema occurs in your body. Excessive inactivity increases edema. To prevent this, you can do walking, stretching exercises, or yoga that will not tire you.
Edema in the feet can cause your shoe size to grow. If you have a size 38 foot until birth, you can go to the delivery room with a size 42.
As the growth and stretching increase in your abdomen, the formation of stretch marks increases in your abdomen, waist circumference, and legs. But it will most definitely be seen in your abdomen.
You can stretch your dry and stretched skin with the help of various body oils and lotions. You can use vegetable oils such as coconut and carrot oil. They cannot destroy the cracks that have formed, but they can prevent their formation.
You may experience hot flashes, especially in recent months. The reason for experiencing these tidal hot flashes is; the change in hormone values and the heart pumping more blood, raising the body temperature.
Frequent urination and urinary incontinence:
The pressure of the growing uterus on the organs also applies to the bladder. Your baby’s weight can press down from the uterus, which can cause urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence, which is more common in the following weeks, brings urinary frequency, and you may feel the need to urinate frequently.
Low back pain:
Especially as the baby gets heavier, back pain increases. If your back pain is very severe, you can see your doctor.
Due to the acceleration of blood pumping in the mother’s body, the enlargement of the veins continues. This enlargement causes the formation of varicose veins in the legs. To avoid this, be careful not to stand too long and to stretch your legs against gravity.
Tips for Minimizing Pregnancy Symptoms!
Simple measures you will take by yourself will make you very comfortable. What you can do about it:
Consume plenty of water. Water is the fluid needed for the realization of all metabolic activities in the body. Do not reduce your water consumption because you urinate too often or because of false information that drinking water causes edema.
To prevent stretch marks on the body, you can use stretch marks, moisturizing oils, and creams.
Support your lower back with a pillow when you have severe pain in your lower back. Be careful not to stand too long.
By exercising regularly and consuming fibrous foods, you provide intestinal motility and relieve the stomach.
Consuming mineral waters and reducing the use of salt will provide relief for both stomach and edema.
How Much Weight Should I Gain?
It is normal to wonder how much weight you gain each month while choosing and choosing comfortable clothes for your physique that changes every month. So, how much weight do you need to gain in the 28th week of pregnancy?
By now, you are expected to gain 8-10 kilos. You may have gained more or less weight. If you think you are gaining too much or too little weight, it is helpful to consult a doctor.
Remember that not all expectant mothers go through similar pregnancy processes. A difficult, often nauseous mother-to-be cannot be expected to gain a lot of weight. So before you worry, ask your doctor.
You can find all the details about postpartum weight loss here: https://bettermom.net/8-effective-tips-to-lose-baby-weight-after-pregnancy/
As the weeks progress, the need for nutrition increases drastically. During the current week, nutrition is vital as the need for nutrients increases as your baby develops.
Nutrition recommendations at 28 weeks of pregnancy are as follows:
- Take care to consume 2.5-3 liters of water daily. With the rise in body temperature, your need for water will increase. Be prepared for the risk of urinary incontinence while consuming water.
- Do not stay still as your body has increased edema. Watch out for salt consumption due to edema.
- Take care of a balanced and regular diet. Eat little by little in the form of 3 main meals and three snacks.
- Avoid pastries, high-fat foods, and ready-to-eat foods.
- Consume iron-containing foods as your iron will decrease. (Greens, meat, legumes…)
- By consuming fibrous foods, it helps indigestion and hemorrhoid problems.
Moving is always an important activity. This importance increases during pregnancy. Do not forget to exercise to be healthy and relax your body. Before exercising, be sure to consult your doctor about the activity you have chosen.
28 weeks pregnant exercises:
- Light-paced walks
- Pregnancy yoga
- stretching movements
Checklist at 28 Weeks Pregnancy
- Start to finish the name-finding adventure slowly.
- You can have a baby party with your loved ones during the weeks you are in.
- Choose the hospital where you will give birth carefully and research it.
- Complete your shopping deficiencies gradually.
- Prepare psychologically for birth.
- Don’t forget to have your regular checkups.
- Take your blood pressure measurements regularly.
It is helpful to know what changes are happening in you and your baby at the 28th week of pregnancy. Knowing the changes you and your little one go through during pregnancy will always take you one step further.
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- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 23rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 24th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 25th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 26th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 27th Week
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