Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 31st Week
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If you are reading this article, you are in the 31st week of pregnancy, and you have nine weeks until birth. Within nine weeks, you can complete your little one’s shopping and have a baby coming party with your loved ones. For each new week, you have entered; You wonder questions such as “What changes are there in my baby?”, “How much have his organs developed?”, “What changes are happening in my body?”. Let’s find out all the details about the week to satisfy your curiosity and answer all your questions…
Baby at 31st Week
As your little one continues to grow day by day, he is making significant progress in this exciting process. He is trying at full speed to reach you as much as you do. Let’s see how your little one’s organ development, senses, weight and height, and everything else are.
How Big Has My Baby got?
By the 31st week, your little one has reached a size close to an asparagus bunch. The mass increase continues at a rapid pace. With the rapid storage of fat under the skin, it continues to gain the appearance of a full baby.
The 31-week-old baby’s weight and fetal length measurements are expected to be approximate as in the table below.
These values, which we have presented, are given as averages. There is no rule that your little one will be between 1400-1500 grams for sure. When you go to the doctor control, you do not need to encounter the same values. Therefore, there is no need to worry. Remember that genetic transmission also plays a role in developmental issues.
Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
You have precisely nine weeks until your due date. During these nine weeks, your little one will continue to develop until the day they are born. In premature birth, your baby will need medical assistance to breathe, as the lungs are not fully developed.
Organ and system development in 31-week-old babies is as follows.
The pituitary gland, which ensures metabolism, growth, and development, begins to produce growth hormones during this period. Central nervous system functions such as the cerebral cortex, comprehension, perception, and speech continue to increase. Brain grooves and convolutions continue to take shape rapidly. Your little one, who has developed a sucking reflex, continues to suck his thumb. In addition, the nerve endings are still at a developmental level.
The circulatory system
While blood cells were produced in the liver in the previous weeks, they started to be produced in the bone marrow in the 30th week. At week 31, blood continues to be produced in the bone marrow.
The digestive system of your developing pup is not fully formed; it continues to develop gradually. Your baby continues to swallow the vital amniotic fluid and practices digestion with the fluid he swallows.
Proteins and fats in the liquid increase according to the nutrients you take. The more quality food you get during these weeks, the better your little one will develop.
Your pup is practicing breathing and as the amniotic fluid enters through the nose. However, since the lungs have not yet completed their function, they do these with liquid, not air.
Support and Movement System
Cartilage structures continue to ossify, and muscles continue to get stronger. Also, as your little one’s mass and height increase, you can feel their movements more clearly.
Getting enough calcium during this period is very important for your baby’s teeth and bone development and your own bone health.
Your baby, who has not yet completed his kidney development, continues to drink the amniotic fluid and form urine by using its infiltration units.
Your baby’s immunity is not very strong yet. Thanks to the antibodies your little one receives from you, they continue to build the foundations of a robust immune system. The better you feed, the better your baby will be fed.
31 Weeks Baby Movements
Your little one, who is close to completing his development on the way to becoming a full baby, is now having difficulty fitting into the space he is in. Therefore, a decrease in their movements may be felt.
Tapping movements can be felt intensely due to muscle development.
As of the 31st week of pregnancy, your baby, who has a sleep pattern, can keep his sleep long. This also causes a decrease in their movements. If you think you are too inactive, contact your doctor.
In these weeks, he can switch to the birth position known as the “vertex” position. Your baby is slowly placing upside down in the birth canal.
Sense Organs and Developmental Characteristics in 31 Weeks Old Baby
As of the 31st week of pregnancy, your little one’s senses are able to communicate more strongly with the outside world and their mother.
In a 31-week-old baby, sensory organ development is at the following level.
Eye and Sight
Color pigments begin to form in the eyes. Against the reflexes, the pupil dilates and narrows. This movement is called the “pupillary reflex”. Babies at 31 weeks begin to have the pupillary reflex gradually.
Ear and Hearing
There may be a little naughty about listening to your conversations. As of these weeks, he can hear your conversations and laughter. For this reason, you can talk to them a lot and offer smiles that give good energy.
Tongue and Taste
Thanks to the amniotic fluid, your baby’s sense of taste is fully developed. It can taste the coffee you drink and the cucumber you eat.
Nose and sense of smell
The sense of smell, which develops simultaneously with the sense of taste, also completes its development. The reason why the sense of taste and smell develop at the same time is that they are controlled by regions close to each other in the brain.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
Fat continues to be stored under your little one’s skin. This process brings a smooth complexion. As the fat storage process develops, your little one’s fur, the lanugo, will continue to shed. Since it will obtain heat energy by burning the stored fat and make thermal insulation with oils, the need for these feathers has decreased.
Mom at 31 Weeks Pregnancy
While accompanying your baby’s developmental adventure, you are curiously observing the changes in your own body. Why do I have swelling on my body? Why does my back hurt? Let’s see what changes happen in mothers who are 31 weeks pregnant…
Braxton Hicks contractions:
Contractions increase in the weeks you are in. You may be experiencing false labor pains called “Braxton hicks.” These pains can make you worry and cause you to think that the baby is coming. These are short-term pains, so you don’t have to worry.
With the change you will make in your position, your pain will be relieved. If your contractions continue despite the position change and the contractions continue to come regularly, you should see an obstetrician immediately.
During the pregnancy journey, swollen feet, arms, and face also increase in the 31st week. There is an increase in fluid in the enlarged veins. This increase makes its way to the cells. For this reason, fluid accumulates in the cells, and swelling occurs. With light exercises and slight movement, you can get rid of the edema in the body.
Low back pain:
With your baby growing and taking up more space in the womb, and the weight you are gaining yourself, there is an increase in low back pain at the 30th week and later.
With the effect of pregnancy hormones, the acceleration of blood pumping in the pregnant mother causes enlargement of the veins. The enlarged veins show themselves as varicose veins in the legs. To prevent this, be careful not to stand too long and rest by stretching your legs against gravity.
Pressure on the ribs:
During the weeks you are in, the baby can place his feet in your rib area in a way that will push your ribs. As the baby moves in this position, you may feel it more intensely than it is. Change your position so that your baby can move too. Thus, your rib pressure will be relieved, and your baby will stay in a different position.
As your little one grows, so does the tension in your tummy. This tension leads to cracks. You are more likely to encounter these stretch marks not only in your abdomen but also on different parts of your body as you gain weight.
Moisturizing creams and oils with a moisturizing effect, such as coconut oil, will help you prevent stretch marks.
As your baby grows, it puts pressure on your internal organs. Your bladder also suffers from these pressures. The pressure on the organs compresses the bladder, and as a result, you may encounter situations such as frequent urinary incontinence, sneezing, or even sneezing when laughing.
Colostrum leaking and growing breasts:
Swelling and stretching sensations in your breasts increase. The increased swelling by 31 weeks of pregnancy; is the activation of the milk ducts as the birth approaches and the start of milk production. The “colostrum” fluid flowing from the nipple is also one of the symptoms encountered in this process. If the leak is too much, you can get help from the breast pads.
You may experience reflux problems frequently during the weeks you enter. Reflux is popularly known as heartburn. This is because of the pressure your little one puts on the organs as they grow.
Pressure on your stomach causes stomach acids to rise. Consuming foods in small bites, avoiding acidic drinks and high-fat foods will reduce reflux.
You may be having trouble sleeping as your little one gets heavier, the pressure on your body increases. In addition to not being able to sleep comfortably, low back pain, reflux-like symptoms, and experiencing birth anxiety can also make you sleepless.
Tips for Minimizing Pregnancy Symptoms
Various symptoms appeared as your baby and yourself experienced the changes. If you do not want these symptoms in various parts of your body to interfere with your daily life, you can make the process easier by taking small precautions. Here are the recommendations to minimize the symptoms experienced at 31 weeks pregnant:
- Be careful not to consume oily, spicy, spicy, and very tomato paste foods. Swallowing your bites small and eating often but little by little will reduce the symptoms of reflux.
- If there is too much colostrum, use a breast pad.
- Pay attention to water consumption. While doing this, don’t get the perception that I leak urine and shouldn’t drink water. Take spare laundry with you when you go out.
- Use moisturizing creams and oils for your stretch marks. (As for oil, you can choose products such as coconut oil, carrot oil, etc.)
- Reduce edema formation by doing light walks
- For your pain, you can take warm showers and soft massages to your lumbar regions.
- You can try breathing exercises and sleep yoga for a good sleep. Supporting your body with pillows helps you take a comfortable position while you sleep.
How Much Weight Should I Gain?
Considering that you have gained a lot of weight, reducing your eating will be one of the wrong things you can do. Every expectant mother gains weight according to her body and the development of her baby. So how much weight should be gained in the 31st week of pregnancy?
At 31 weeks of pregnancy, an average of 9.5-11.5 kilograms is expected to be gained. We mentioned that the weight changes you experience vary from person to person. It is not expected that the expectant mother, who has a loss of appetite during pregnancy, will gain too much weight. You may be under or above-average weight. What matters is what your doctor tells you.
In the last few months you have entered, your baby’s nutritional needs have increased. You should be fed with fresh vegetables and fruits that you carefully choose for your little one who is still developing. The better you feed, the better your little one will develop. For this reason, the foods you eat are very important both for your milk and for feeding your little one by passing into the amniotic fluid.
Nutrition recommendations at 31 weeks pregnant:
- Avoid excessive salt and sugar consumption.
- Do not consume more food than necessary by saying that you are pregnant. Consume in 3 meals, little by little and often.
- Consume plenty of water. (Make sure to consume between 2.5-3 liters per day)
- Avoid foods that are oily, rich in paste and pastry.
- Be careful not to consume ready-made foods.
- Pay attention to a diet rich in iron, protein, and calcium.
When you enter 31 weeks, your movements may be restricted. We recommend that you do light exercises, avoiding straining your body.
31 weeks pregnant exercises:
- Low-paced walking
- Breathing exercises
- Pregnancy yoga
- Light stretching movements
- Swimming lightly
Checklist at 31 Weeks Pregnancy
- Your doctor check-ups will become more frequent. Do not delay your checks.
- You can go to birth preparation and breathing yoga courses.
- Complete your baby room shopping.
- Prepare yourself psychologically for birth.
- Prepare your delivery bag without delay.
Every expectant mother wants to know what changes are happening in her baby and in her own body. We shared with you what will happen in the 31st week of pregnancy. It is also helpful to know what will happen next week.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 3rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 4th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 5th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 6th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 7th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 8th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 9th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 10th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 11th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 12th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 13th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 14th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 15th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 16th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 17th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 18th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 19th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 20th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 21st Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 22nd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 23rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 24th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 25th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 26th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 27th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 28th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 29th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 30th Week
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