Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 33rd Week
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Another week has passed, and you are one step closer to that miraculous reunion moment. While you continue to complete your preparations at full speed, your little one continues to grow rapidly in your belly. This situation may have started to force you gradually. What kind of changes does the 33rd week of pregnancy create for expectant mothers? How is your baby this week? We have compiled everything you can think of, from nutrition to exercise, from pregnancy symptoms to a checklist.
Baby at 33rd Week
When you reach 33 weeks, you may wonder at what stage your baby’s development is. Here are the answers to all your questions, such as weight, height, development of his systems and senses, and the skills he gained…
How Big Has My Baby got?
Your baby has grown to the size of a celery this week.
As the last weeks of your pregnancy approach, you will notice that your baby is growing at a rapid pace with each passing day. You can see that your belly has expanded a little more compared to the previous week. From now on, this expansion will be more distinguishable with each passing week. The 33-week-old baby’s weight and height will be approximate as in the table below:
Gestational Age (Weeks)
These values are the average values of a baby at 33 weeks. Your little one may have been overweight or thin, shorter or taller at the doctor’s check-ups. The main reason for this is the time of fertilization, as long as there are no health problems. In such cases, it is necessary not to worry and to know that it is normal to have such differences in the physical development of every baby.
Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
Although all organs have formed and reached a particular maturity, the body systems and organs of the fetus continue to develop in these first weeks of the third trimester. So, let’s examine at what stage the organ and system development of the 33-week-old baby is.
During this period, your puppy’s nervous system continues to develop at full speed. Your baby may be in a head-down position these days. In this way, more blood flow will be provided to the brain cells, which will continue to develop. Growth hormone, which started to be produced by the pituitary gland a few weeks ago, also supports this process.
The circulatory system
Blood, the primary source of the circulatory system, continues to be produced in the spinal cord. Heart rate is between 140-160 beats per minute.
The digestive system continues to prepare the baby for the outside world. At 33 weeks, the baby’s intestines are developed enough to digest food. In addition, it has reached a level that can perform the absorption of disintegrated nutrients from the intestines.
The maturation of the lungs has greatly advanced but is not yet complete. For this reason, your baby continues to receive the oxygen it needs through the placenta. However, in the case of premature birth, he can breathe even with respiratory support; in short, dangerous times are now behind.
Support and Movement System
Muscles and bones, the two basic structures of the support and movement system, have changed considerably compared to last week. While your puppy’s muscles continue to get stronger, his bone structure gets a little harder every day. Only the hardening of the bones in the skull is completed last. In your 33rd week, the bones in the head area are in the form of plates that slide over each other. This condition of the skull bones allows the baby to move without difficulty as it passes through the birth canal.
This week, the testicles of male babies descend into the scrotum.
Your baby is building his immune system this week. Antibodies in the mother quickly pass into the baby’s body, helping him build his immune system. Thus, when your baby is born, it will be prepared for many microbes. However, since a new defense mechanism has just begun to develop, immunity is still not at a level to provide adequate protection. This means that if your little one is born now, they will need special care.
Sense Organs and Developmental Features in 33 Weeks Baby
Many expectant mothers do not think their sense organs can be active until their baby is born, but this is not the case!
Babies in the womb can also see, taste, hear, feel and smell. Many of these senses begin to develop long before birth. In short, your baby can see, hear and taste while in your womb.
At what stage is the 33-week-old baby’s development regarding sense organs? Here is what your little one has learned this week, step by step…
Eye and Sight
At 33 weeks, your baby starts to see blurry. The sensitivity of the eyes to light has increased. Due to the gradual thinning of the uterine wall, the pupils of the eyes become smaller when light comes into your stomach, and they enlarge in dark environments. He has also learned to close his eyes while sleeping and open them while awake. In short, they can act just like adults.
Ear and Hearing
His ears are now sharp enough to hear your heartbeat. When you laugh out loud, you may react by hearing it.
Tongue and Taste
Amniotic fluid is the most significant help in developing the swallowing and sucking reflexes of the little ones. This week, while your baby continues to develop himself in both swallowing and sucking, he also gains the ability to perceive the taste of amniotic fluid thanks to the work of the receptors on the tongue. When you consume sweet food, he may also notice this taste.
Nose and sense of smell
The 33rd week is the period when the sense of smell becomes active. Although there is no opportunity to experience this with so many options in the womb, your little one can smell it.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
The creamy vernix layer that covers the baby’s body and helps to keep the baby’s body temperature in balance gradually becomes thicker. In this way, the skin continues to be protected from the effects of amniotic fluid. In addition, as of this week, the wrinkled skin structure disappears and begins to harden. Its pink appearance gradually returns to its standard color.
33 Weeks Baby Movements
Baby movements this week are almost similar to previous weeks. Your little one is still active both during the day and at night. However, the regularity of the sleep and awake times makes it easier to distinguish when he is active. As his weight increases day by day, the area in the uterus gets narrower day by day. Because of the narrowing of the intrauterine space and the hardening of the bones, kicks and rotational movements are felt much more clearly. For this reason, 33-week-old babies’ movements may be more painful and sharp for some expectant mothers.
You can find detailed information about the baby’s movements in the womb from our article: https://bettermom.net/fetal-movement-heres-why-babies-kick-in-the-womb/
Mom at 33 Weeks Pregnancy
Your pregnancy journey, which may seem like a long time to you in the beginning, and maybe you didn’t understand how it went through struggling with many symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sleepiness, and bloating in the first months, has now come to its last period, the 3rd trimester. If you are 33 weeks pregnant, let’s examine together what awaits you this week, what you should be prepared for.
Braxton Hicks contractions:
Braxton Hicks contractions, also known as false labor pains, can strain pregnant women from the 33rd week. These contractions, which can also be seen in earlier weeks, are known as irregular pains in the uterus and are preparations for childbirth. Unlike labor pains, Braxton Hicks are irregular, painless, and short-lived. It usually goes away when you change your position or at rest. However, at times, it can cause complaints and anxiety in expectant mothers. If the contractions are irregular, short-term, or resting, there is no need to worry.
Insomnia is one of the most challenging situations for expectant mothers in the last trimester. A growing uterus and a heavier baby reduce your mobility, making it harder for you to roll over in bed. In addition, breathing becomes difficult due to the anxiety and stress caused by the approaching birth and the increased pressure on the stomach and lungs, making it impossible to fall asleep and have a quality sleep.
Heartburn and heartburn:
Your pup’s weight gain day by day can cause your stomach to tighten and shrink. This situation reveals heartburn and heartburn in the pregnant mother in the last stages of pregnancy. Contrary to popular belief, heartburn does not occur because the baby’s hair is growing out. There is not even the slightest scientific connection between hair growth in babies and stomach problems experienced by pregnant women.
Carpal tunnel syndrome:
Thirty-three weeks can cause a problem called Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in the expectant mother. It is known as pain due to nerve compression in the hand, wrist, and fingers. Swelling and edema in the wrists during these weeks of pregnancy put pressure on the Carpal Tunnel in the wrist, causing nerve compression. As a result, pregnant women may experience numbness and pain in their hands and fingers.
As the time of birth approaches, a condition known as pregnancy forgetfulness may occur in mothers. There could be many reasons for this situation. With the approach of birth, the increase in estrogen and progesterone hormone levels can cause fluctuations in the brain and cause forgetfulness. Malnutrition, worries about childbirth, and stress can also cause problems with focus and distraction in the expectant mother. With the termination of the pregnancy, these complaints will also disappear.
Shortness of breath:
During these weeks of pregnancy, the uterus reaches its apex and approaches the lungs. This leads to compression of the lungs. As a result of narrowing the area where the lungs are located, there may be difficulty in breathing during these weeks.
Tips to Minimize Troublesome Pregnancy Symptoms
Your body is trying to keep up with all these changes, which can be challenging from time to time. Especially when you come to the 8th month of pregnancy, you can search for solutions to alleviate your complaints. Although, “Hang on, it’s almost time!” Although you often hear phrases like these, some small tricks will make you feel more peaceful and pleasant in these troubled days.
Here is some practical advice for the mother at 33 weeks pregnant;
- If you are experiencing Braxton Hicks from time to time, get plenty of rest and pay attention to fluid consumption. Your pain may increase when you are tired, or your body is dehydrated. Sitting down and resting with your feet stretched out will relieve the contractions.
- Try not to eat or drink anything for at least 2 hours before going to bed at night. Reflux may be triggered when you have night snacks and go to bed, and heartburn complaints may increase.
- If you are experiencing stomach burning and sourness-like problems during these weeks, be careful not to consume extremely spicy and fatty foods, acidic and caffeinated drinks.
- Practice plenty of breathing exercises to reduce complaints of shortness of breath. Deep and controlled breathing movements will calm and relax you and make it easier for you to fight pain by preparing you for birth.
- As a solution to insomnia you experience at night, try taking a warm bath and unwinding. Reading a book or a small massage will also be helpful.
- Avoid overworking yourself. Try to relax every moment you get the chance.
- Take simple precautions against Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Try not to use your hands without rest for a long time, or if you can, take a break from work where you use your hands.
How Much Weight Should You Gain?
Weight gain during pregnancy is one of the most important issues for expectant mothers. Some women gain weight rapidly with increased appetite, while others say, “Did I gain a little weight? Am I malnourished? ” may experience concerns.
During 33 weeks of pregnancy, the expectant mother is expected to gain 10.5-12.5 kilograms. Following a healthy, balanced, and adequate diet and a high nutritional diet during your pregnancy will prevent unnecessary weight gain.
Nutrition at 33 weeks of pregnancy is as important as in other weeks of pregnancy. From these weeks, your baby’s body starts to get fat, continues to gain weight rapidly, and needs more fat, protein, and carbohydrates. To meet all these needs, a diet program with high nutritional value should be applied.
- You can make minor changes to your diet to prevent heartburn that occurs during these weeks. Try to feed as little and often as possible.
- Your baby will gain about 200-250 grams per week after this stage. For this reason, make sure that you get enough protein in your diet to strengthen your muscles, carbohydrates to provide energy and fat content for the development of subcutaneous adipose tissue.
- Take care not to consume packaged, processed, excessively fatty, and sugary products. Include meat and dairy products, fresh fruit, and vegetables in your diet.
- Do not forget to consume an average of 2.5-3 liters of water per day.
- The DHA component, one of the basic building blocks of omega-3, plays a very effective role in brain and eye development. Be sure to consume fish rich in omega-3 from the 33rd week. Try to eat a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
Relaxed muscles and the body’s changing balance center can cause you to feel physically inadequate and experience back, waist, neck, and leg pain. You can spend these weeks much more comfortably with pregnancy exercises.
As 33 weeks of pregnancy exercises, you can consider the following options:
- Pregnancy yoga or pregnant pilates
- Walking at a light pace and not exceeding half an hour
- Doing gentle pregnancy exercises to help stretch the body
During your pregnancy, you can do exercises suitable for you, especially from the 12th week. However, suppose your doctor has restrictions or warnings about physical activities while the birth is approaching. In that case, you should consider these and get permission to exercise during this period of your pregnancy.
33 Weeks Pregnancy Checklist
We can list the things you need to do for the 33rd week of pregnancy as follows:
- If you are short of items to add to the hospital bag, try to complete the missing items as soon as possible and go shopping.
- If your deficiencies are complete, it is the ideal time to prepare your hospital bag and put it aside.
- Adjust the content of your diet according to your baby’s weight needs, but do not eat for two.
- Remember to drink plenty of water and exercise.
The 33rd week of pregnancy is the week when both excitement and complaints begin to increase. Don’t forget to enjoy these days in your pregnancy. Do not hesitate to ask for help from your spouse and relatives when necessary.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
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- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 31st Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 32nd Week
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