Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 34th Week
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The days are moving fast, and you have only six weeks left until the birth. While your excitement and worries about birth are increasing, there are miraculous developments in your baby compared to last week. As we approach the last weeks, many changes have occurred in both your baby and your body.
What kind of changes does the 34th week of pregnancy create for expectant mothers? How is your baby this week? We have compiled everything you can think of, from nutrition to exercises, from pregnancy symptoms to a checklist.
Baby at 34th Week
When you reach 34 weeks, you may wonder at what stage your baby’s development is. Here are the answers to all your questions, such as weight, height, development of his systems and senses, and the skills he gained…
How Big Has My Baby got?
Your baby has grown to the size of melon this week.
Your little one, who started to have more rounded lines by taking an average of 200-300 grams compared to the previous week, will continue to thicken the fat layer they need under the skin to maintain their body temperature until they are born.
The 34-week-old baby’s weight and height will be approximate as in the table below:
Gestational Age (Weeks)
These values are the average values of a baby at 34 weeks. Your little one may be overweight or thin, shorter or taller under the control of the doctor. Many factors such as genetic predisposition, fertilization occurring earlier or later than calculated, and your diet affect the baby’s weight. Do not be alarmed in such situations, and remember that it is normal for each baby to have individual differences in their physical development.
Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
As of now, all organs and systems of your little one have mostly completed their development. However, some systems continue to prepare the baby for the outside world in the remaining six weeks. So, let’s examine at what stage the 34-week-old baby’s organ and system development is.
Nervous System and Endocrine System
At 34 weeks, your little one’s brain activities continue to take place in full swing. These days, the nervous system establishes all the connections it needs to use the cognitive and learning ability in the best way after birth. Nerve cells continue to develop.
The endocrine system also continues to develop actively. His hair is getting thicker, and his nails have grown past his fingertips.
The circulatory system
Blood, the primary source of the circulatory system, continues to be produced in the spinal cord. Heart rate is between 140-160 beats per minute.
Digestive and Excretory System
The amount of amniotic fluid reaches its maximum during these weeks. Your baby swallows this liquid, filling and emptying his stomach about every half hour. This situation both strengthens the swallowing reflex and helps the development of stomach and bowel movements.
The maturation process of the lungs continues at 34 weeks. Since it is one of the last systems to complete its development, the respiratory system matures until birth.
Support and Movement System
The hardening of the bones continues rapidly this week. The baby needs more calcium to strengthen their bones. His muscles get stronger with each passing week. The bones in the skull are still soft.
If the testicles have not yet descended into the scrotum in male babies, this week,w the testicles may complete their descent into the sacs outside the body. In routine doctor’s check-ups, the testicles of male babies will be seen clearly on ultrasound.
Antibody production, which you started last week to lay the foundations of your baby’s immune system, will continue at full speed this week.
Sense Organs and Developmental Characteristics in 34 Weeks Baby
By the next week, your baby has at least as many developed abilities as a newborn.
At what stage is the 34-week-old baby’s development when it comes to sensory organs? Here is your little one’s sensory skills step by step…
Eye and Sight
The 34-week-old baby, who learns to close his eyes while sleeping and to open them while awake, adds blinking to what he learns. Due to the gradual thinning of the uterine wall, the light transmittance of your abdomen increases, and when your abdomen is exposed to light, the pupils dilate and contract and blink frequently. Also, this week, the eye color gradually begins to take on the blue color.
Ear and Hearing
His hearing ability is developed almost as much as an adult’s. He begins to recognize not only the mother’s heartbeat but also the sounds outside. In particular, he can distinguish the voice of his mother and father. When you sing songs and lullabies to him, he will hear them. Therefore, as of 34 weeks, you can talk a lot with your baby and sing lullabies to him. He will be familiar with these sounds after he is born.
Tongue and Taste
Sucking and swallowing reflexes continue to develop. Swallowing amniotic fluid or sucking on his fingers further develops these abilities. It is even possible to see him sucking his toe during ultrasound imaging.
Nose and sense of smell
If your baby’s sense of smell was not active the previous week, it might be active this week. It can smell just as good as you.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
Your baby’s skin continues to thicken. However, the vernix layer still covers the entire skin. This plate helps to protect the skin from external influences to ensure that the baby can pass through the birth canal easily. His skin color gradually begins to take on the standard skin color. As the subcutaneous fat layer, which will help it maintain body temperature, becomes thicker day by day, the need for lanugo hairs in certain parts of the body decreases. This means that the hair will start to fall out gradually in certain areas.
34 Weeks Baby Movements
As of this week, you can easily understand whether your baby is sleeping in the womb or not. You may notice that he stays still or makes slight rotational movements when he is asleep, and when he is awake, he changes places by creating waves of vibrations in your stomach. Baby movements at 34 weeks may be more sharp and painful as the bones continue to harden.
It is very important in these months to track the number of movements of your little one every day. When you reach the 34th week, it is expected that the baby moves at least ten times in 1 hour. You may not be able to feel the movements in your stomach during the hours when you are very busy and on the move. At such moments, you should sit in a quiet place if possible without worrying and make sure that you move at least ten times for about 1 hour. You can also do this after a snack. In this way, your little one will catch the energy needed to move and will help you in this regard.
Mom at 34 Weeks Pregnancy
When you found out that you were pregnant, you may not have guessed that 34 weeks would end so quickly. Although the previous weeks have been more comfortable, your increasing body fluids and the enlargement of the uterus, and the baby’s increasing weight may bring some troubles at the end of pregnancy.
If you are 34 weeks pregnant, let’s examine together what awaits you this week, what you should be prepared for.
Leg aches and cramps:
While entering the last weeks, the leg pains of expectant mothers may increase. Growth of the uterus, weight gain in the baby and the expectant mother, increased fluid volume, and edema in the body cause more burden, especially on the feet and legs. Chronic pain may occur with the change of the balance center due to weight gain. In addition, leg cramps in the last trimester, especially in the morning, are a common occurrence. The increased need for magnesium and potassium during pregnancy will trigger these spasms and cramps.
Increased metabolic reactions in the body of the pregnant may cause a few degrees increase in body temperature. This is the main reason why the expectant mother experiences constant hot flashes, especially during these weeks. In addition, the baby’s increased pressure on the lungs and shortness of breath trigger this situation. Breathing faster due to pressure can increase body temperature, and the mother may experience frequent hot flashes.
One of the newest complaints of week 34 is blurred vision. Fluctuations in pregnancy hormones reduce tear production, leading to dry eyes and blurred vision. However, the complaint of blurred vision can also be caused by insomnia, stress, and even preeclampsia (pregnancy poisoning). Blurred vision caused by hormonal changes, insomnia, or stress is temporary and goes away on its own with the termination of pregnancy. However, if blurred vision is accompanied by any of the other symptoms of preeclampsia, such as headache, rapid weight gain, vomiting, and the sudden swelling of the face and hands, a doctor should be consulted.
Starting from these weeks, the pressure of the baby on the bladder may increase. The increased pressure and the increase in the amount of fluid that the pregnant woman should consume daily may cause the need to urinate frequently during the day. There may be an increased need to wake up at night and go to the toilet.
Hormonal changes can provide more blood flow to the hair follicles, making the hair stronger and thicker, and changing the number of other hairs on the pregnant woman’s body. At 34 weeks, fine hairs on the body of the expectant mother can grow. Hair growth during pregnancy, like many symptoms, is temporary and disappears with birth.
The baby’s increased need for calcium is loaded onto the calcium stores in the body when the expectant mother cannot get enough calcium. With the emptying of the stores, the nails become weak, and as a result, breakage can be seen.
Constipation and hemorrhoids:
The increase in pregnancy hormones slows down bowel movements and triggers the problem of constipation. It is observed that this problem increases, especially as the uterus grows because the weekly baby can put more pressure on the rectum and lead to the formation of hemorrhoids.
Tips to Minimize Troublesome Pregnancy Symptoms
While you can’t wait to hold your baby in your arms as soon as possible, the findings in the last trimester can reach levels that will challenge you. You can spend the last weeks more comfortably by easing your troubles with some simple applications.
Here are some practical advice for the mother at 34 weeks pregnant;
- Get plenty of rest to prevent increasing leg pain. Avoid sitting or standing for long periods.
- Promote blood circulation for pain and cramps in the legs. While sitting, elevate your legs by placing a pillow or cushion under your feet.
- Take plenty of walks to avoid constipation.
- Take care to consume fresh vegetables and fruits, whole grain products, dried fruits, and plenty of fiber foods to increase bowel movements. Don’t forget to add them to your daily diet. Also, be sure to drink 2.5-3 liters of water a day.
- If the leg cramps are very severe, you can consult your doctor and use a magnesium supplement. Ask your doctor about other things you can do about it.
- If you have hair growth, try waiting until the birth occurs. Do not be in a hurry to apply methods such as epilation and waxing. The skin may become thinner during pregnancy, making it challenging to apply these methods, and your skin may be more sensitive. Remember that these complaints will disappear after birth.
- Be sure to pay attention to your daily calcium intake to prevent breakage problems in nails. Consume milk and dairy products more often.
- Try resting your eyes during the day to alleviate blurred vision. Do not spend too much time on television and the Internet.
How Much Weight Should You Gain?
In the 8th month of your pregnancy, your rate of weight gain may have increased. Although the baby’s rapidly increasing fat tissue and hardening bones constitute the majority of the weight you have gained recently, the increasing edema in the wrists and legs of the mother-to-be plays a very important role in this increase.
The weight range prescribed by doctors for 34 weeks of pregnancy is 11-13 kg. Applying a diet with high nutritional value during pregnancy by eating a healthy, balanced and adequate diet will prevent unnecessary weight gain. In addition to proper nutrition, weight control can be achieved with pregnancy exercises.
Nutrition at 34 weeks of pregnancy is as important as in other weeks of pregnancy. The nutritional recommendations you can apply during this period are as follows;
- Continue to feed little and often. Long-term fasting can cause your blood sugar to drop. Therefore, add at least 2-3 snacks to your diet.
- Supplement the growing need for calcium to support the baby’s bone structure that continues to harden. Drink at least one glass of milk every day, increase the consumption of cheese and yogurt.
- Eat plenty of fiber foods by taking precautions against hemorrhoids.
- Consume fresh vegetables and fruits in season.
- Don’t forget to eat red meat for iron and protein needs.
- Do not skip meals and try to eat enough from each food group.
Exercising helps alleviate many of the symptoms you may experience during pregnancy. In the last weeks, you can prepare your body for birth by continuing the physical activities approved by your doctor.
You can consider the following options as 34 weeks of pregnancy exercises:
- Kegel exercises
- Pregnant yoga
- Pregnant pilates
- Light paced walking
Before trying some movements that help relax the body, you can consult your doctor and get an opinion. Every pregnancy is special in itself, and some movements may not be suitable for you. Do not forget to share this issue with your doctor.
We can list the things you need to do for the 34th week of pregnancy as follows:
- Do not skip your meal times, and make sure you have a balanced diet.
- Have lots of rest.
- Do not delay your doctor’s checks.
- If you haven’t prepared your hospital bag, complete your last shortcomings.
- Identify the companions who will stay with you in the hospital.
- Keep track of vaginal bleeding and regular contractions. If you experience such a situation, be sure to inform your doctor.
The 34th week of pregnancy is the ideal time to complete the final preparations. Prepare yourself by considering the possibility of delivery earlier than expected. Keep your calm and continue to enjoy the pregnancy.
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- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 33rd Week
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