Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 5th Week
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If you are in the 5th week of pregnancy, you have officially entered the 2nd month of pregnancy. You may have felt the need to take a test with your menstrual delay in the 5th week of pregnancy and you may have just learned that you are pregnant. We share your excitement with you and we would like to tell you every detail about what awaits you and your baby in this process.
Your Baby at Week 5
In the past weeks; Your little one, who is trying to fertilize, divide and hold on to the uterus, is taking important steps for its development this week. The rapidly growing 5-week-old baby in your womb is activating organ formation and the placenta this week. Here’s what you need to know about your little one for week 5 of pregnancy.
How Big Has My Baby got?
You may already be looking forward to holding your little one in your arms, but we have to say that he is only the size of a Nigella Sativa yet. Your baby is so small that he probably won’t even show up on the ultrasound this week. You’ll have to wait a few more weeks to see it.
Baby's Development at Week 5
Your baby, who entered the embryotic period last week, continues to develop rapidly this week. Your little baby, which will turn into tissues and organs in the future, currently consists of 3 layers called endoderm, ectoderm, and mesoderm. If we look at the importance of each layer in terms of development:
Ectoderm: The outer layer, the ectoderm, will begin to form your baby’s nervous system, including his brain and spinal cord. In addition, this layer will form your baby’s cotton skin, silk hair, and tiny nails in the future.
Mesoderm: The middle layer, the mesoderm; heart, circulatory system, muscle tissue will form the layer under the skin.
Endoderm: 3rd layer endoderm; It will form organs and systems such as the respiratory system, urinary tracts, liver, and pancreas.
The most important issue in terms of baby development this week is that the foundations of your baby’s circulatory system have been laid. Plus, a 5-week old baby almost has a heart! Although the baby’s heart is not yet an organ, it has become a beating tissue. The heart, which consists of two small channels, is beating, but these heartbeats are not even regular for now.
However, towards the end of the week or at the beginning of the next week, you have a chance to hear your baby’s heartbeat on the ultrasound.
The 5th week of pregnancy brings another very important development. The placenta and umbilical cord formed by your baby begin to function. The embryo will provide oxygen and nutrient exchange in the future thanks to the development of this structure.
Mother in the 5th Week of Pregnancy
Your baby’s nervous system is developing, the brain and spinal cord are forming, and the tiny heart is already forming! Even if you cannot feel these developments in detail, your body is giving the signals of pregnancy. For a few weeks; fatigue, nausea, breast tenderness, etc. You may be experiencing pregnancy symptoms, but by the 5th week of pregnancy, you will feel these symptoms more clearly.
If you didn’t know you were pregnant yet, you’ll probably notice that your menstrual cycle is delayed this week. Take a pregnancy test now. Thanks to the increased HCG hormone this week, the result of your pregnancy test will be positive. Congratulations, you are a new mom-to-be.
How to Take a Home Pregnancy Test?
If you’re experiencing the classic pregnancy symptoms and your menstrual cycle is delayed, it’s time to clarify whether you’re pregnant or not. Because delayed menstruation does not definitively prove the existence of pregnancy. For this, you can go to the hospital and ask your doctor to do a blood test.
If you want to receive this news immediately, the home pregnancy test will also tell you the result. Moreover, it is very easy to do a home pregnancy test as long as you follow the process below.
- Buy a pregnancy test at the pharmacy.
- Open the test and read the instructions for use because test practices may vary from product to product.
- It is recommended that you do the pregnancy test early in the morning, as soon as you wake up.
- In general, the expectant mother urinates in a sterile container. The test strip is dipped into this vessel for 5-10 seconds.
- After a few minutes, the stick will show the test results.
- If the urine test result is a single line, it indicates a negative result. If the test bar has a double line, hold tight, the result is positive. So you are pregnant!
- Although pregnancy tests are generally correct, if you have any doubts, you should consult your doctor and confirm your pregnancy status with a blood test at the hospital.
When Do the First Doctor Checks start During Pregnancy?
If the result of a home pregnancy test is positive, you should go to the doctor immediately. Your doctor will probably call you between 6-8 weeks for routine checkups. But if you are impatient to get information about your pregnancy from a specialist doctor, you can talk to your doctor during the 5th week of pregnancy.
Your doctor will first confirm the positive result with a home urine test with a blood test.
If you are having a high-risk pregnancy or undergoing fertility treatment, your specialist may increase the number of these tests. In order to understand whether you have a healthy pregnancy or not, your doctor will ask you; will request tests such as blood, smear, thyroid function. You can also be examined with an ultrasound scan this week. Although your embryo is too small to be seen yet, a gestational sac can be seen because your HCG level is around 2000 mIU/ml. Read more about HCG Levels during pregnancy.
What Happens in Your Body During the 5th Week of Pregnancy?
Pregnancy symptoms are usually felt most clearly at 5 weeks. These symptoms summarize what’s going on in your body. Although the physical and emotional changes are at their peak due to the pregnancy hormones secreted, it is not obvious from the outside that you are pregnant yet. What happens in the mother’s body and mood at 5 weeks of pregnancy? Let’s examine these developments in detail.
Period Delay: Often the first sign of pregnancy that alerts women to take a pregnancy test is a missed period. Increased progesterone production during pregnancy prevents your uterine lining from shedding and helps preserve your pregnancy. That’s why you don’t get your period during pregnancy.
As of the 5th week of pregnancy, you can see spots. This spotting is most likely due to implantation bleeding, which occurs due to the implantation of the embryo in the uterus. However, implantation bleeding consists of a few drops and its color is different from menstrual bleeding. If the amount of spotting is large and lasts longer than two days, you should contact your doctor immediately.
Tenderness in Breasts: You must be used to your breasts being sensitive during the premenstrual period, but this time the reason for this sensitivity is pregnancy. Breast tenderness during pregnancy is caused by the active hormones during this period and means that the breasts are gradually getting ready for the breastfeeding period.
Tiredness: Fatigue is one of the most common pregnancy symptoms. Pregnancy hormones (especially progesterone) can make you feel tired. It is very natural for you to be tired as your body is very active, which prepares you for pregnancy and your baby for the developmental process.
Nausea: High levels of hCG and estrogen can cause nausea. The feeling of nausea, which is usually seen in the morning hours, can bring vomiting and vomiting. You may have felt this effect in the previous weeks and you should know that this situation will show itself from time to time for up to 12 weeks.
Frequent Urination: Frequent urination is one of the most common complaints in early pregnancy and in the last weeks of delivery. The reason for frequent urination in the 5th week of pregnancy is that pregnancy hormones increase the blood flow rate and the amount of fluid in the body. This is actually good news because your digestive system is working much harder to get rid of waste.
Sudden Mood Changes: Sudden changes in mood during pregnancy; It is caused by factors such as rapidly changing hormones (especially estrogen and progesterone), physical discomforts you will experience during pregnancy, and changes in life routines. If you feel excited and happy for a moment and burst into tears soon after, don’t worry, you are not alone.
Almost every expectant mother who lives in the first weeks experiences these sudden emotional changes. Of course, your mood swings won’t always be like this. After the 1st trimester, you will gradually return to yourself.
Ways to Minimize Uncomfortable Pregnancy Symptoms
Pregnancy symptoms are meaningful things that indicate that the expectant mother has started this amazing process. During this period when hormones are at the forefront, changes occur in the body depending on the development of the baby. While these changes affect the mother, some symptoms may reduce the quality of life of the expectant mother. It is useful to learn about what you need to do to minimize the negative effects of pregnancy-related symptoms.
Cope with fatigue:
From this week on, you may feel that you are more tired now. Fatigue is the support your body gives you. So take action and do something:
- Go to bed a little earlier at night. It will rest the body with the best night’s sleep.
- Avoid caffeine as much as possible for your sleep pattern and your baby’s health.
- Do daily exercises, walk or swim regularly.
- Take advantage of herbal teas that will relax you. Be sure to take the advice of your doctor about the herbal tea you will use.
Things to do about frequent urination:
If you urinate frequently, that’s good news. You are probably consuming enough water. But making your way to the bathroom often can be a little frustrating. To alleviate this situation;
- If you are sure that you are drinking enough during the daytime, you can limit your water consumption at night.
- While you are using the toilet, try to empty your bladder completely by leaning forward.
- Do not hold your toilet.
- Never reduce your fluid consumption to avoid going to the toilet during the day.
Lower your stress level:
You are going through a more sensitive period due to your hormones increasing with pregnancy. This is really normal. But if you don’t control the process, stress during pregnancy can become unbearable. You can take the following precautions to avoid this situation;
- You just found out about your pregnancy and there are many things you are wondering about. You can constantly hear bad scenarios about this process around you or on the internet. Close your ears to worst-case scenarios as much as possible and share your concerns with your specialist.
- Try relaxing techniques such as deep breathing exercises, yoga, pregnant pilates.
- You may want to be the perfect mother. But don’t put pressure on yourself to do so now. It will relax you to prepare yourself for the process with more confident steps by reading books about baby care.
- You are not in a period where you can run for anything. Do not be afraid to ask for help from those around you.
- Spend more time on activities you love or people you love.
Suggestions for the Expectant Mother for a Healthy Pregnancy
You are very excited but also worried. On the one hand, you want to prepare for your baby, on the other hand, you are wondering about the pregnancy process. Keep your calm and be very careful during this period. Every step you take, everything you do or don’t do affects your health, pregnancy, and the development of your baby.
At the very beginning of the road, we have a few suggestions for you for a healthy and happy pregnancy.
- After testing at home, be sure to go to your doctor to confirm the result of the test. Choosing your doctor before routine checkups and performing the first examination may be one of the healthiest steps you will take during this period.
- Your doctor will likely recommend that you take folic acid supplements. Folic acid reduces the risk of neural tube defects, that is, birth damage to the baby. For this reason, you can start folic acid supplementation immediately and strengthen this value through nutrition.
- For folic acid, green leafy vegetables, legumes, citrus fruits, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, avocados, bananas, nuts are heroes. Make a note of these foods and add them to your diet.
- Nutrition is very important during pregnancy. Starting this week, it activates the placenta and umbilical cord. So the baby will get nutrients and oxygen from you. Therefore, you can contribute to a healthy diet by paying attention to the foods you consume.
- Values such as various vitamins, protein, iron, carbohydrates are important for the health of both you and your baby.
- Quit alcohol and smoking, which cause problems such as low risk and developmental slowdown, and limit daily caffeine intake.
- Light exercises that you will do during this period will regulate blood circulation and greatly help you to have a healthy body.
- Do not use over-the-counter medications without your doctor’s control. Let your doctor know if you have a chronic condition. In this regard, the control specialist prevents the harm of drug use to pregnancy.
- Now you need water more because you are two people. Be more sensitive about fluid consumption.
- You’ve probably started scheduling your first prenatal appointment and focused too much on it. The other place you should stop by is definitely your dentist. Since pregnancy hormones can cause gingivitis, you should definitely go through a checkup.
This period is very important when your baby lays the foundations of organ development. Every step you take in your exciting first pregnancy days will affect what you will experience in the coming weeks and your baby’s development. Enjoy this good news at 5 weeks of pregnancy, share your joy with your loved ones and take your precautions for a healthy pregnancy now.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 3rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 4th Week