Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 6th Week
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You have recently received the happiest news of your life and although it may be hard to believe, you are 6 weeks pregnant. You are lucky; Because most women have a hard time distinguishing the early signs of pregnancy, they find out that they are almost 7-8 weeks pregnant when they get tested for pregnancy or consult a doctor.
So, what kind of changes does the 6th week of pregnancy cause in expectant mothers, and how is your baby this week? We have compiled everything you can think of, from nutrition to exercises, from pregnancy symptoms to a checklist.
Your Baby at 6 Weeks
When you reach the 6th week, you may wonder at what stage your baby’s development is. Here are the answers to all your questions such as his weight, height, development of his systems and senses, what skills he gained…
How Big Has My Baby got?
Your baby has grown to the size of pea this week.
“How small!” you might be having. But those tiny peas have grown almost 3 times compared to last week. This growth is “How much should a 6-week-old baby weigh?” Of course, it is not enough for expectant mothers who are curious about it. Because there is no way to measure the weight of the embryo in these weeks. Its size will be approximate as in the table below:
While in the mother’s womb, the height of the babies is measured from the top of the head to the end of the bottom. This value measured on ultrasound is known as CRL. The main reason for this measurement is that the newly formed legs are in a bent position.
Development of Systems and Newly Acquired Skills
Although it is the size of a pea, many systems and organs of the embryo begin to form this week, taking the first steps necessary for its development.
So, let’s examine at what stage the 6-week-old baby’s organ and system development is.
The brain hemispheres, nerve cells, and spinal cord of the embryo begin to form. As the day’s progress, nerve cells will continue to multiply rapidly.
By the 6th week, the pituitary gland begins to take shape. The development of the pituitary gland is very important in order to ensure the management of body systems. At this time, there is a hormone transfer to the embryo via the placenta. Until her own hormonal system is formed, your baby will use the hormones in your blood with the help of the umbilical cord.
The circulatory system
The heart, which had a tube-shaped structure before, is starting to attain its standard 4-chamber structure this week. It is about 2 mm in size and occupies most of the body. It pumps blood into the tiny body of the embryo, beating 100-160 times per minute.
This rate is 2 times the heartbeat of an adult. However, even though it is the 6th week of pregnancy, this heartbeat may not be heard on ultrasound. In such a case, your doctor will call you for an ultrasound examination again after about 2 weeks and check the heartbeat.
The first formations of the pancreas, stomach, gall bladder, and liver begin. Your baby will be fed through the placenta until the digestive system is ready to take on all the baby’s digestive processes.
Lungs continue to develop at 6 weeks. Each of them is in the form of a tube and branches occur in its inner tissue. These branches will turn into vesicles in the following days.
Support and Movement System
The first buds of limbs such as arms, legs, hands, and feet are laid this week. Muscles begin to form.
Intestines begin to develop this week. The embryo will get rid of body wastes through the umbilical cord until the kidneys and intestines begin to do their job. Wastes that pass from the umbilical cord to the placenta accumulate here.
There is no information about the sex of the baby at 6 weeks. Formation of reproductive organs finds 10 weeks and beyond.
6 Week Baby Movements
Although you can’t feel it, you may wonder how the 6-week-old baby movements are.
Your baby hasn’t had any obvious movements yet. The embryo stays in the C position in the uterus. As their limbs become prominent and enlarged, their movements will become more pronounced.
The sense organs of an embryo that has reached its 6th week have entered into a rapid formation just like other organs.
At what stage is the 6-week-old baby’s development when it comes to sense organs, here are the features that your little one has added to himself this week, step by step…
Eye and Sight
This week, two dark-colored pits appear on the head. At the same time, their corneas, lenses, and eyelids begin to develop.
Ear and Hearing
At 6 weeks of age, baby ears are formed in the form of two cavities on both sides of the head. These cavities form the ear canals.
Tongue and Taste
His mouth and tongue are not yet developed.
Nose and sense of smell
The nose is formed as a protrusion in front of the embryo’s face this week.
Skin and the Sense of Touch
His arms, legs, and shoulders began to form in the form of protrusions on his body. It has no skin layer yet, and its body resembles a tiny pink piece of flesh.
Mom at 6 Weeks Pregnancy
In the first days when you learn that you are going to have a baby, it is quite normal to look forward to seeing how this situation changes you and to examine your body by standing in front of the mirror at every opportunity. You may want to see what this little miracle can do as soon as possible. As the weeks progress, your body will try to adapt to this little one growing inside you and will cause you to experience some symptoms.
If you are 6 weeks pregnant, let’s examine together what awaits you this week, what you should be prepared for.
What's Happening In Your Body?
- Increase in hormone levels: Beta-HCG, progesterone, and the estrogen hormone, which you are familiar with from your menstrual periods, begin to rise rapidly during these weeks.
The increased amount of this hormone in the blood in order to provide more blood flow to the baby, to the uterus and placenta in which the baby will develop, also causes some complaints to occur. In short, these secretions are the main cause of many conditions that develop in your body during pregnancy.
- Vaginal bleeding: One of the most obvious findings that you can observe concretely in the first weeks of pregnancy is spotting and vaginal bleeding. This bleeding, which does not need to be worried about unless it is intense and light red in color, is also called implantation bleeding.
It occurs due to the disintegration of the capillaries in the inner tissue of the uterus during the attachment and settlement of the embryo to the mother’s uterus, but it is not seen in every woman. It is normal if you observe bleeding in the form of light red or pink staining on your underwear. However, most of the miscarriages are seen in the first months. For this reason, if you notice any unusual bleeding, you should inform your doctor.
- Tiredness: In order to provide energy to the rapidly growing embryo, your body starts to spend more energy by working harder. This situation manifests itself as extreme tiredness, exhaustion, and weakness in expectant mothers in the first weeks.
- Sleeping state: If you have complaints such as not being able to lift your head from the pillow, not being able to open your eyes, and falling asleep when you don’t, all of them are a result of pregnancy. Your body is directing you to rest to store more energy. With the end of the first trimester, this problem will also disappear.
- Breast tenderness: The increased amount of hormones causes your breasts to become more sensitive than ever before. Tingling in the nipples, enlargement of the breasts, and discoloration of the dark circles surrounding the nipples are called aerola. In the coming weeks, the color of the aerolae may become progressively darker.
At the 6th week of pregnancy, there will be no visible difference in your body. As the size of the uterus changes, your body will experience changes at the same rate.
Tips to Minimize Annoying Pregnancy Symptoms!
The rapid rise of your hormones can give you difficult moments in daily life. You may need some advice to spend these exciting days more comfortably.
Practical advice for the mother at 6 weeks of pregnancy are;
- If you are experiencing fatigue and weakness and want to sleep all the time, listen to your body. Rest and sleep whenever you can during these weeks.
- If your breast tenderness is intense, do not use tight bras and underwear. Change your bra size if necessary.
- Just in case, avoid making sudden movements. Do not lift heavy and lower your movement speed by one degree.
- During this period, you may experience vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse. Avoid making harsh moves by talking to your partner. Inform your doctor about the amount and duration of bleeding.
- Try using a multi-vitamin in consultation with your doctor to provide an energy boost.
How Much Weight Should You Gain?
Weight gain during pregnancy is one of the most frequently asked questions by expectant mothers. As the last weeks are approaching, the mother also gets heavier with the baby’s increasing weight and lives her heaviest days. So how much weight is appropriate to gain at the beginning of pregnancy?
For 6 weeks of pregnancy, the expectant mother is not expected to gain weight yet. The abdomen is still not evident and the baby has not become heavy. However, some pregnant women may have an increased appetite during this period and may gain some weight accordingly. In the first 3 months, try to gain as little weight as possible. Providing weight control from the first weeks provides great comfort to the mother throughout pregnancy.
Most of the women who want a planned pregnancy and try to have a child first try to regulate their eating habits. The place of nutrition routine in this process is very valuable in order for the baby to develop healthily during pregnancy and for the expectant mother to experience pregnancy symptoms at the lowest level. For this reason, from the first moment you learn that you are expecting a baby, you need to establish a new diet for yourself.
The recommendations for nutrition at 6 weeks of pregnancy are as follows;
- As the baby grows, your body’s fluid requirement will increase. Remember to drink at least 2.5-3 liters of water a day.
- Be careful not to consume excessively oily, spicy foods. In this way, you will prevent stomach sensitivity.
- Limit your tea and coffee consumption. Be sure to limit your daily caffeine intake to a maximum of 200 mg. Especially in the first trimester, excessive caffeine consumption can cause developmental disorders in the baby, low baby weight, a decrease in iron absorption, and miscarriage.
- Learn about the foods you should stay away from by getting information about prohibited foods from your doctor.
- Make sure that the meat products are well cooked. Do not eat raw delicatessen products.
- Take care to consume green vegetables after soaking them in vinegar water and rinsing them thoroughly.
- Do not start eating for two from the first months. Your body will not need extra calories in the 1st trimester. Follow a low-calorie, high-nutrient diet.
The benefits of exercising during pregnancy are endless by experts. It is possible to do many exercises approved by your doctor in order to strengthen your muscles, prevent unnecessary weight gain and have a comfortable pregnancy.
You can consider the following options as 6-week pregnancy exercises and physical activities that can be done:
- Pregnant pilates
- Pregnant yoga
- Light brisk walking
- Stretching and relaxation movements
As it is known, as of the 6th week of pregnancy, expectant mothers should be more careful in their movements. The first 3 months are the most common time for miscarriage in pregnancies. It is during this time that the baby attaches and settles to the uterine wall.
Some sudden and compelling movements may have negative consequences for the course of pregnancy. For this reason, you should definitely consult your doctor and get approval for your exercise program. If you are having a risky pregnancy and are at risk of miscarriage, you should avoid doing movements that will tire and force your body during this period.
6th Week Pregnancy Checklist
We can list the things you need to do for the 6th week of pregnancy as follows:
- Learn about the pregnancy process and prepare yourself by reading plenty of pregnancy and motherhood books while you still have enough time.
- If you have harmful habits such as smoking and alcohol, motivate yourself to give up on them.
- Choose the obstetrician who will do your pregnancy follow-up.
- If you haven’t been yet, make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible and have your first pregnancy examination.
- Don’t forget the tests and examinations you need to have this week.
The 6th week of pregnancy is the time when everything has just begun, and physical and spiritual changes are just beginning. Although it may seem long, you will see that 9 months pass quickly. So enjoy the moment.
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 1st and 2nd Weeks
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 3rd Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 4th Week
- Week-by-Week Pregnancy: 5th Week